NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 2
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 2 Nationalism in India PDF form updated for new academic session 2020-2021 based on latest NCERT Books and following the current CBSE/NCERT Curriculum for new session.Download Offline Apps and PDF file format contents to use it offline. Ask your doubts and share your knowledge through Discussion Forum.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 2
|Subject:||Social Science – History|
|Chapter 2:||Nationalism in India|
Class 10 History Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 2 in PDF form is given below to free download for new academic session 2020-21. Download Offline Apps based on latest CBSE Syllabus and new NCERT Books for new session.
What were the reasons for starting the Khilafat Movement?
i) Humiliating terms of treaty of Versailles on Khalifas
ii) Lucknow Pact
iii) Starting of Non-cooperation by the congress along with khilafat movement.
How did the First World War help in the growth of nationalist movement in India?
i) War created a new political and economic situation. It led to an increase in expenditure.
ii) The war led to a price rise and hardship for common people.
iii) War led to forced recruitment of people.
iv) Acute Shortage of food led to famine and misery.
v) Indians began to realize that they were drawn in a war unnecessarily. This feeling united Indians against the British.
Who was Alluri Sitaram Raju? Explain his role in inspiring the rebels with Gandhijis ideas?
i) Alluri Sita Ram Raju was a tribal leader in the Gudem hills of Andhra Pradesh
ii) He started a militant Guerilla Movement in the early 1920s.
iii) The tribal people were enraged by the British policy, but when the government began forcing them to contribute ‘begar for road building, the hill people revolted.
iv) Raju inspired the hill people. He talked on the greatness of Mahatma Gandhi.
v) Inspired by Gandhiji’s Non Cooperation Movement, he persuaded people to wear Khadi and give up drinking. But at the same time he did not believe in Non Violence, he thought that India could be liberated only by the use of force.
Discuss the role of women in the Civil Disobedience Movement?
i) Women participation was in large scale.
ii) Participated in protest marches, manufactured salt.
iii) Picketed foreign cloths and liquor shops.
iv) Began to see service to the nation as their sacred duty.
Why did Gandhiji choose ‘Salt’ as the symbol of his Civil Disobedience Movement?
i) Salt is consumed by both the poor and the rich, and is one of the most essential items of food everywhere in the world.
ii) The British government had the monopoly on the production of salt in India.
iii) By imposing a ‘salt tax’ the government hit both the rich and the poor, specially the poor. Gandhiji thought it was the most repressive Act of the British government and choose to defy it by breaking the “Salt Law”.
Multiple Choice Questions – MCQ
1. When was the Rowlatt Act Passed?
2. Where did Mahatma Gandhi launch the rst Satyagrah in India?
3 Who was the founder of “Depressed Classes Association”?
a). Baba Ram Chander
b). Bhim Rao Ambedkar
c). Jawahar lal Nehru
d), Shaukat Ali
4. After which of the following event, Mahatma Gandhi abruptly withdrew the Non-Cooperation Movement?
a). Jaliawalan Bagh Masscare
b). Rowllat Act
d). Dandi March
5. Who is the author of book “Discovery of India’?
a). Jawahar Lal Nehru
b). Bhim Rao Ambedkar
c). Mahatama Gandhi
d). Baba Ramchander
Answers of MCQ
3. Bhim Rao Ambedkar
5. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Fill in the Blanks.
1. In……………………………….Session congress demanded complete Independence.
2. First president of Indian National Congress Was…………….
3. Muslim league was formed in ………………..
4. In 1919 Shaukat Ali and Muhammad Ali started ………………movement in India.
5. In……………………………Civil Disobedience Movement was withdrawn.
Fill in the Blanks – Answers
1. 1929, Lahore.
2. W.C Banerjee.
4. Khilafat Movement.
One Mark Questions
1. Who created the first image of Bharat Mata?
2. What do you mean by the word Satyagrah?
3. Who composed the song Vande Mataram?
4. When was the second round table conference held?
5. Who Started the Awadh Kisan Sabha?
6. What do you understand by the word Swadeshi?
7. Where was the Indian National Congress formed?
8. Why did the British government curtail the freedom of Press after 1857?
9. In Madras who published massive four volume collection of Tamil folk tales?
10. why was Rowlatt act called as an oppressive legislation?
Answers of 1 Mark Questions
1. Abindra nath Tagore
2. Emphasis on the power of Truth.
3. Bankim Chandra
5. Baba Ramchandra
6. Focus on product which was prepared in own country.
8. To curb the Arousing spirit of Nationalism.
9. The Folklore of Southern India
10. Under this act political prisoners could be kept in jail for two years without trial.
Summary of the Chapter 2
1. India’s First Freedom Struggle took place in 1857. In 1870 Bankim Chandra composed Vande Matram. In 1885, Congress was formed in Mumbai. W.C. Banerjee chaired the first meeting of Congress.
2. In 1905, Lord Curzon proposed the division of Bengal. In 1905, Abanindra Nath Tagore made a Portrait of Bharat Mata. In 1906, Aaga Khan and Nawab Salimullah established Muslim League.
3. In 1907, Congress was divided into extremists and moderate. In 1911, Delhi Durbar was organized. Bengal Division was abolished in Delhi Durbar.
4. In Delhi Durbar capital was transferred from (Calcutta) Kolkatta to Delhi. In 1914, First World
War started. In 1915, Mahatama Gandhi returned to India.
5. In 1916, Mahatma Gandhi started Champaran Satyagrah in Protest of Indigo plantation. In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi organized Satyagrah for farmers in Kheda Gujarat. In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi started Satyagrah for Craftsman of Cotton Textile mill Gujarat.
6. 1918, the first World War ended. The British Government turned down the demand of Self-rule of Indian. In 1919, British Government gave Rawlatt Act.
7. On 13 April 1919, Jallianwala Bagh massacre took Place in Punjab. In 1919, the Khilafat movement was started by Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali. In 1920, Mahatama Gandhi started noncooperation movement.
8. In 1922, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement after the violence took place at
Chauri-chaura. on August 9, 1925 revolutionaries in Kakori looted the train carrying English treasure. In 1928, Simon Commission came to India. Lala Lajpart Rai was killed while protesting.
9. on April 8, 1929 Bhagat singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the assembly. on 12 March 1930, Mahatma Gandhi started the march from Sabarmati to Dandi. on 6 April 1930, Mahatma Gandhi broke the Salt Law and started Civil-disobedience Movement at Dandi.
10. In 1930, Dr. Ambedkar organized Scheduled caste into depressed Classes Association. On 23rd March 1931, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru was hanged. In 1931 Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed and Civil disobedience movement was suspended.
11. In 1931, Mahatma Gandhi participated in Second round table conference but did not get expected success. In 1932, Poona Pact was signed between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar. In 1933, Choudhary Rahmat Ali first coined the idea of Pakistan.
12. In 1935, Indian Government Act was passed and regional government was formed. 1939 World war II was started. In 1940, A resolution was passed by Muslim League for separate homeland for Muslims
13. In 1942, the Quit India movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi. He gave the slogan Do or Die. IN 1945, USA dropped nuclear Bomb on Japan and Second World War was ended. In 1946, Cabinet
Mission came to India with the proposal of constituent assembly.