NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Chapter 5 Doing Sociology Research Methods updated for CBSE and state board students session 2023-24. In 11th Sociology chapter 5 of Introducing Sociology, the exercises and extra questions answers are given here. These are important for the final exams.
What are some of the reasons for ‘objectivity’ being more complicated in social sciences, particularly disciplines like sociology?
Objectivity means to review things as there, without being influenced by one’s own feelings, thoughts, whims and fancies. Objectivity refers to a condition where if two or over two people observe a phenomena and provides the identical reaction thereto, then it is often labelled as objective.
There’s lack of objectivity in sociology and also the reason is that, the sociologists who do the research a couple of person in society is himself/herself an element of it. It’s quite natural that he/she will have their own biases influenced from his/her beliefs, values, attitudes, traditions, customs and family traditions.
One more reason of subjectivity in sociology is that of content. Social phenomena are abstract, they’re complex having multidimensional, multiphase and can’t be measured by fixed standards.
This is the explanation for ‘objectivity’ being more complicated in social sciences particularly disciplines like sociology.
What are some of the things that ethnographers and sociologists do during participant observation?
The term ‘Ethnography’ is typically applied to the acts both of observing directly the behaviour of a group and producing a written description thereof.
Ethnographers particularly social anthropologists do field work. Sociologists also involved in a very community study will surely do field add any kind of case study.
Basically it’s participant observation. Sociologists spend a protracted time with the people being studied. They learn their language, follow their rituals and traditions and participate in their day to day activities, in line with their lifestyle.
By and huge by devoting such a lot time therewith particular group, they become insiders and find out about the full way of life during a holistic way.
- Unlike the social anthropologists the sociologists target various varieties of community in their field work.
- to grasp the approach to life and any behavioural, cognitive or emotional characteristics, sociologists spend lots of your time therewith particular group rather than staying with them.
What are the basic elements of the survey method? What is chief advantage of this method?
A survey could be a quantitative macro research method. it’s a shot to supply a compressive perspective on same topic.
- It’s accustomed collect information about people’s attitudes, beliefs and behaviour.
- It involves the gathering of standardised information from the population being studied.
- Standardised information is gathered by asking same inquiries to all respondents in barely the identical order.
Surveys depend upon questionnaires because the main technique of information collection.
Surveys are of two types:
Descriptive survey: It provides an accurate measurement of the distribution of certain characteristics during a given population. for instance, income distribution, extent of literacy in a very particular area.
Analytical survey: it’s concerned with different variables. for instance, a researcher might want to appear at the connection between level of prosperity and sex ratio.
(a) the knowledge collected through a questionnaire during a survey is statistically analysed to reveal the pattern of regularity. These findings are presented as pie charts.
(b) Survey research is sometimes done by large teams consisting of these who plan and style the study (the researchers) and their associates and assistance who may get the questionnaire filled up.
(c) If the population of the study is simply too large, the survey is supported information gathered from a stratified sample of the population.
(d) the tiny sample that’s carefully selected using the above mentioned principles is such the sample represents the complete group of population under study. The results obtained from the study of the sample are generalised to the whole population.
Advantages of survey: It allows to generalise result for an outsized population by actually studying only little portion of the population. Therefore, with the assistance of survey one can study with manageable investment of your time, efforts and money.
State some of the weaknesses of the survey method.
Weaknesses of survey:
In a very survey it’s unfeasible to induce thorough information from respondents. this can be because the time spent on each respondent is incredibly limited.
Since a survey involves an outsized number of investigators, it becomes very difficult to make sure that the complicated questions are asked from all respondents in precisely the identical way.
Question that are asked in survey can’t be of private or sensitive type. this is often because there’s no long-term interaction between the investigator and respondents.
In an exceedingly survey unlike what’s in an observation method, it’s very difficult for the investigator to understand of course whether the response given by the respondent is true or not.