Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ Therapeutic Approaches designed and updated for new academic session 2024-25. Class 12 Psychology chapter 5 Solutions and MCQ answers are very helpful for all the students of CBSE and State board who are using NCERT books for their study.

Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ

_____ is the case in which the client idolizes, or falls in love with the therapist, and seeks the therapist’s approval.
a) Transference neurosis
b) Positive transference
c) Negative transference
d) None of the above.

b) Positive transference
In psychoanalysis, a patient transfers to the analyst or therapist whatever connection, affection, idealisation, or other positive feelings they may have had in the past with their parents or other formative figures.

Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ Set 1


The central thesis of this therapy is that irrational beliefs mediate between the antecedent events and their consequences. Name the therapy

[A]. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
[B]. Rational Emotive Therapy (RET)
[C]. Humanistic-existential Therapy (HET)
[D]. None of the above.

The goal of ______ is to increase an individual’s self-awareness and self acceptance.

[A]. Gestalt therapy
[B]. Client-centered therapy
[C]. Logotherapy
[D]. None of the above.

The rapid breathing techniques to induce hyperventilation is part of _______ yoga.

[A]. Sudarshana Kriya
[B]. Pranayama
[C]. Kundalini
[D]. Ashtanga

Client-centered therapy was given by

[A]. Freiderick
[B]. Victor Frankl
[C]. Carl Rogers
[D]. None of the above.

Learning behaviour by observing the behaviour of a role model is known as
a) Positive reinforcement
b) Aversive conditioning
c) Negative reinforcement
d) Modeling

d) Modeling
In some cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy strategies, modelling is a strategy whereby the client learns solely by imitation, without any explicit verbal direction from the therapist.

Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ Set 2


The psychological model that explains abnormal behaviour in the light of learning maladaptive ways is

[A]. Cognitive Model
[B]. Behavioral Model
[C]. Psychodynamic Model
[D]. Social Model

Unwanted behaviour can be reduced and wanted behaviour can be increased simultaneously through

[A]. Positive reinforcement
[B]. Differential reinforcement
[C]. Negative reinforcement
[D]. Aversive conditioning

Repeated association of undesired response with an aversive consequence refers to

[A]. Positive reinforcement
[B]. Aversive conditioning
[C]. Negative reinforcement
[D]. Modeling

_____ is a procedure in which relaxation and pleasant feelings are learned as conditioned responses to stimuli that once acted as fear procedure

[A]. Sublimation
[B]. Rationalization
[C]. Systematic desensitization
[D]. None of the above.

_______ is a technique to treat Phobia.
a) Sublimation
b) Rationalization
c) Systematic desensitization
d) None of the above.

c) Systematic desensitization
In order to reduce the typical fear reaction, systematic desensitisation entails exposing phobic people to either imagined or real phobic stimuli while pairing the exposure with calm or another emotion that is incompatible with fear.

Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ Set 3

People have ‘freedom and choices’ is the core assumption of _______ therapy.

[A]. Cognitive
[B]. Gestalt
[C]. Behaviour
[D]. Client-centered

RET (Rational Emotive Therapy) has been proposed by

[A]. Abraham Maslow
[B]. Albert Ellis
[C]. Aaron Beck
[D]. Carl Rogers

Systematic desensitization begins with some form of

[A]. Instrumental conditioning
[B]. Relaxation training
[C]. Instrumental training
[D]. None of the above.

Cognitive therapy for the treatment of depression is given by

[A]. Albert Ellis
[B]. Sigmund Freud
[C]. Aaron Beck
[D]. None of the above.

In _______, the aim is establishing relationship between undesirable behavior with painful consequences.
a) Bio feedback
b) Aversion therapy
c) Creative visualization
d) None of the above.

b) Aversion therapy
The goal of aversion therapy in psychotherapy is to get a patient to lessen or avoid an unwanted behaviour pattern by training them to link it to a bad stimuli.

Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ Set 4

In _______ approach, the therapist uses ‘pointed but friendly questioning’ to root out depressed people’s faulty ‘depressogenic cognitions’.

[A]. Psychodynamic
[B]. Cognitive
[C]. Behaviorist
[D]. None of the above.

“I should be loved by everybody.” This irrational thought can be treated by

[A]. Psychodynamic Therapy
[B]. Behaviour Therapy
[C]. RET
[D]. Existential Therapy

Logotherapy is given by

[A]. Victor Frankl
[B]. Sigmund Freud
[C]. Ivan Pavlov
[D]. Care Rogers

What type of marital, occupational, and social adjustment requires major changes in an individual’s environment?

[A]. Sufficient
[B]. Adequate
[C]. Inadequate
[D]. None

What type of therapy assumes that the therapist understands the client’s intrapsychic conflicts better than the client?
a) Psychodynamic
b) Cognitive-Behavioral
c) Psychotherapeutic
d) None

c) Psychotherapeutic
In psychodynamic therapy, it is assumed that the therapist is more knowledgeable of the client’s intrapsychic issues than the client is. Because of this, the therapist explains the client’s ideas and feelings to the client so that the client can understand them.

Class 12 Psychology Chapter 5 MCQ Set 5

What is one goal of psychotherapy?

[A]. Diminishing
[B]. Lessening
[C]. Decreasing
[D]. Alleviating

What is the chief benefit of humanistic therapy?

[A]. Happiness
[B]. Personal growth
[C]. Social growth
[D]. None

What type of transference is present when the client has feelings of hostility, anger, and resentment towards the therapist?

[A]. Negative
[B]. Positive
[C]. Neutral
[D]. None

What type of client would be treated differently from a client who is anxious?

[A]. Happy
[B]. Despondent
[C]. Depressed
[D]. None

What requires free emotional expression?
a) Self-realization
b) Self-Fulfillment
c) Self-Actualization
d) Done
a) Self-realization
Free emotional expression is necessary for self-actualization. Distress emerges from self-actualization frustration in the same way that hunger or thirst do.

The process of reflection helps the client to become what?
a) Corporate
b) Enable
c) Integrate
d) None
c) Integrate
The client’s integration is aided by this reflective process.