Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 3 The Noun Number

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 3 The Noun Number for academic session 2021-2022 updated for CBSE and other state board students. Here we will study about common noun and we know that all common nouns in English language are either in singular number or in plural number.

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Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 3 The Noun Number

Class: 5English Grammar
Chapter: 3The Noun Number

Singular Noun

A noun that is one in number is said to be in the singular number e.g., a boy, a girl, a bird, a pen, a book, etc.

Plural Noun

A noun that is more than one in number is said to be in the plural number e.g., boys, girls, birds, pens, books, etc.

HOW PLURALS ARE FORMED

1. The plural of a noun can be formed by adding to the singular form of the noun; as:
Singular Plural
boy boys
tree trees
house houses
pen pens
plant plants
lamp lamps
2. ‘Es’ is added to the nouns ending in ‘s’ ‘sh’ ‘ch’ or ‘x’ or ‘o’ (in some cases) to form their plurals; as:
Singular Plural
class classes
brush brushes
watch watches
glass glasses
dish dishes
3. If a noun ends in ‘y’ in its singular form and that ‘y’ follows a consonant, ‘ies’ replaces the ‘y’ to form its plural; as:
Singular Plural
baby babies
pony ponies
copy copies
lady ladies
body bodies
reply replies




4. Nouns ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ form their plurals by replacing the ‘f’ or ‘fe’ with ‘ves’.
Singular Plural
wife wives
thief thieves
shelf shelves
knife knives
calf calves
wolf wolves
Exceptions:
Singular Plural
dwarf dwarfs
gulf gulfs
handkerchief handkerchiefs
hoof hoofs
cliff cliffs
grief griefs
5. A few nouns form their plurals by changing the vowels of their singular forms.
Singular Plural
man men
foot feet
mouse mice
woman women
tooth teeth
louse lice
6. Compound nouns form their plurals in the following ways:
(i) By adding ‘s’ to the first word:
Singular Plural
son-in-law sons-in-law
sister-in-law sisters-in-law
father-in-law fathers-in-law
brother-in-law brothers-in-law
commander-in-chief commanders-in-chief
governor-general governors-generalgovernors-general



(ii)By adding ‘s’ to the last word:
Singular Plural
maid-servant maid-servants
spoon-full spoon-fulls
step-son step-sons
hand-full hand-fulls

Plural of man-servant is men-servant, and washer-man washer-men, etc.

7. Some nouns have the same form in the Singular and Plural; as:

deer, sheep, aircraft, fish.
A sheep is grazing in the field. (singular)
Those sheep have no wool on them. (plural)

8. Some nouns only occur in their plural forms; as:

scissors, spectacles or glasses, trousers.
Your scissors are sharp.
His trousers are torn.
Where are my spectacles?

9. Some nouns occur in plural but are treated as singular.

Series, species, measles, mumps, rickets, news, innings, billiards, mathematics, physics, statistics.
1. I have no good news for you.
2. Physics is my favourite subject.
3. India has lost the match by an innings and five runs.
4. Measles is a common disease of children.

10. Many nouns have been taken from other languages keeping their original forms. From Latin:
Singular Plural
index indices
formula formulae
memorandum memoranda
radius radii
From Greek:
Singular Plural
axis Axes
parenthesis parentheses
phenomenon phenomena
basis bases

There are other nouns, which cannot be counted. They are called uncountable nouns. Here are a few examples of uncountable nouns.

All Liquids and Gases:

Water, milk, tea, wine, air, oxygen, smoke.
We say one or two glasses of water, milk etc.; one cup or two cups of tea, milk etc.; one litre or two litres of blood, milk, water etc.

All Grains:

Rice, pulses, sugar, salt, dusts, soil, dirt, etc.
We say one or two grams or kg of these grains or one or two cups, bowls or bags or spoon-full of these grains.

Metals:

Iron, silver, gold, copper, aluminum, etc.

Others:

Furniture, paper, glass, information, thread, scenery, hair, cotton, silk, wool, plastic, clothes, thread, nylon, fire, bread, butter, ghee, cheese, mayonnaise, curd, porridge, etc.
We say a piece or a few pieces of furniture, wood, paper, glass, information, news etc.
We say some or a lot of hair; a loaf of bread or loaves of bread, wool of cotton, a bundle thread, etc.
The furniture of my house is made of wood. (not furnitures)
The scenery of Mount Abu is beautiful. (not sceneries)
I am suffering from loss of hair. (not hairs)

When the subject changes from Singular to Plural the Predicate of the sentence must change too; as:
Singular Plural
1. This man has gone to work. 1. These men have gone to work.
2. A cat has a tail. 2. Cats have tails
3. The girl works hard. 3. The girls work hard.
4. The child’s foot is small. 4. The children’s feet are small.
5. That woman goes to party. 5. Those women go to parties.
6. The bird lives in its nest. 6. The birds live in their nests.

Note: The word ‘many’, ‘a few’ are used with Countable Nouns; and ‘much’, ‘a little’ are used with Uncountable Nouns. ‘A few’ means some, ‘few’ means practically none; ‘a little’ means some but ‘little’ means practically none; ‘quite a few’ means many.
For example:
A few candidates have applied for this position. (only some)
Few people like to work in such a tensed situation. (practically none)
This tumbler has a little water. (Only some water)
This tumbler has little water. (no water in fact)
The boy has little sense. (practically no sense)

In which noun singular and plural numbers are used in chapter 3 Grammar Class 5?

All common nouns in English language are either in singular number or in plural number.

What is the change in predicate when subject changes from singular to plural Class 5 English Grammar chapter 3?

When the subject changes from Singular to Plural the Predicate of the sentence must change too; as:
Ex. 1. This man has gone to work. (singular)
These men have gone to work. (plural)

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