Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 8 Active and Passive Voice

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 8 Active and Passive Voice with examples and explanation updated for academic session 2021-2022. The Active Voice denotes that the subject of the verb is the doer of the action or is active whereas the Passive Voice denotes that the subject of the verb is the receiver of the action or is passive.

Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 8 Active and Passive Voice

Class: 5English Grammar
Chapter: 8Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice

Consider the following two sentences: 1. The hunter killed the deer. 2. The deer was killed by the hunter. Do you know, what is the difference between these two sentences? In sentence 1, the subject (hunter) is the doer of the action. In other words, the subject of the verb acts or is active. The verb (killed) is therefore, said to be in the Active Voice. In sentence 2, the subject (deer) is the receiver of the action. In other words, the subject of the verb does not perform the action or is not active, or is passive. Here the Subject of the verb is acted upon. The verb (was killed) is therefore, said to be in the Passive Voice.

Main difference between Active and Passive Voice Sentences:

1. The Active Voice denotes that the subject of the verb is the doer of the action or is active.
2. The Passive Voice denotes that the subject of the verb is the receiver of the action or is passive.
So we see that when a sentence is changed from the Active form to the Passive, the Object of the Active Verb becomes the Subject of the Passive Verb.




PRESENT TENSE

Simple Present Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
I see a golden duck.A golden duck is seen by me.
A mule kills a snake.A snake is killed by a mule.
Cats catch rats.Rats are caught by cats.
Present Continuous Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
A mother is feeding a baby.A baby is being fed by a mother.
Children are working hard these days.Hard work is being done by the children.
Present Perfect Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
The cats have caught all the rats.All the rats have been caught by the cats.
Sanjana has completed the work in time.The work has been completed by Sanjana in time.



PAST TENSE

Simple Past Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
He sold his bike.His bike was sold by him.
Father scolded the son.The son was scolded by the father.
A mad dog bit my friend.My friend was bitten by a mad dog.
Past Continuous Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
Lalita was singing a song.A song was being sung by Lalita.
They were throwing stones at the dogs.Stones were being thrown by them at the dogs.

FUTURE TENSE

Simple Future Tense
Active VoicePassive Voice
The teacher will punish you for coming late.You will be punished by the teacher for coming late.
She will never help you in your work.You will never be helped by her in your work.
I shall give her this pen.She will be given this pen by me.
Everyone will laugh at you.You shall be laughed at by

Note: The passive of a verb is made by adding a suitable form of be verb to the past participle.

Interrogative Sentences

Active VoicePassive Voice
Who broke this flower vase?By whom was this flower vase broken?
Why did she scold us?Why were we scolded by her?
How did he pass the exam?How was the exam passed by him?
Who teaches you English?By whom are you taught English?
Which doctor will treat you?By which doctor will you be treated?
Who will help her?By whom will she be helped?

What is active and passive voice in Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 8?

Active voice: the subject (hunter) is the doer of the action. In other words, the subject of the verb acts or is active. The verb (killed) is therefore, said to be in the Active Voice.
Ex.: The hunter killed the deer.
Passive voice: the subject (deer) is the receiver of the action. In other words, the subject of the verb does not perform the action or is not active, or is passive. Here the Subject of the verb is acted upon. The verb (was killed) is therefore, said to be in the Passive Voice. So we see that
Ex.: The deer was killed by the hunter.

What is the passive voice of given sentence in 5th English Grammar Chapter 8?

Ans.: the passive voice of given sentence will be as:
Passive: His bike was sold by him.

What is the active voice sentence of interrogative passive voice sentence. Passive: By whom was this flower vase broken 5th English Grammar?

Active: Who broke this flower vase?

What is the passive voice sentence of simple future tense. Active: The teacher will punish you for coming late. Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 8?

Passive: You will be punished by the teacher for coming late.

Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 8 Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive Voice




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