Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense updated for CBSE academic session 2020-2021. It is helpful for state board students also to clearing the doubts related to the use of verbs in tenses.

Examples based on present, past and future tenses are given here and tricks related to simple tense, continuous and perfect tense are also given to clear the concepts related to make sentences.




Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense

Class: 5English Grammar
Chapter: 6Verb and Tenses – Present, Past, Future

What is verb?

The verb is a word or a group of words that tells what is being done and in what state. Verb is a word that shows an action. These actions can be done in anytime in the present, i.e. today or now, in the past i.e. yesterday or sometime ago or in the future i.e. tomorrow.




Present Indefinite Tense

These are actions which are done in the present-everyday or every week, or every month or every year. They are verbs in present tense. For example,

    1. I go to school every day.
    2. I write a letter to my mother every week.
    3. We go for picnic every Saturday.
    4. She visits her parents every month.
    5. My parents go to Varanasi every year.

Past Indefinite Tense

These are actions which are done in the past, say, yesterday or a day before, a month ago or a year ago, a few years ago or a decade ago, a century ago or ages ago. They are verbs in past tense.
Example:
1. I went to school yesterday.
2. I wrote a letter to my mother last week.

Future Indefinite Tense

Future tense refers to actions that will happen in the future.
Example:
1. I shall go to school tomorrow.
2. I shall write a letter to my mother next week.

Examples: First Person
Continuous TenseSingularPlural
PresentI amWe are
PastI wasWe were
FutureI shall beWe shall be



Examples: Second Person
Continuous TenseSingularPlural
PresentYou areYou do
PastWe wereYou are
FutureWe shall beYou will be
Examples: Third Person
Continuous TenseSingularPlural
PresentHe doesThey do
PastHe didThey did
FutureHe will be They will be

THE PERFECT TENSE

Present Perfect Tense

There are actions that have been completed at the present moment. These verbs are said to be in the Present Perfect Tense.
Examples:
1. I have done my homework.
2. I have read the novel.

Difference Between Present Perfect and Past Tense

Present Perfect expresses an action begun in the past and completed in the present. Past tense expresses an action of the past.
We do not mention the time when we write a sentence in present perfect tense whereas in past tense we may or may not mention the time
Example:
I have done my homework. (present perfect)
I did my homework yesterday; or I did my homework. (past tense)



Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense indicates that the action had been completed before another action was commenced.
Example:
1. The train had left before I arrived.
2. The patient had died when the doctor came.
In each of the above sentences we find that two actions happened in the past.
Past perfect tense is used to show which of the two actions happened earlier.

Future Perfect Tense

A verb that shows that the action would have been finished before another action in the future starts, is said to be in the Future Perfect Tense.
Examples:
1. When you come to my house I shall have finished the work.
2. When I reach thirty I shall have established myself in life.

THE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous tense is used for an action which began sometime in the past and is still continuing.
Examples:
1. He has been working since twelve o’clock.
2. They have been playing cards since morning.
From the above sentences we note that the present perfect tense is used with the time expressions like since, for, etc.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action which began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time.
Examples:
1. He had been writing a book at that time.
2. She had been singing in the AIR when she got married.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous tense is used for actions which will be continued over a definite period of time in future.
Examples:
1. By next month we shall have been staying in our new house.
2. She will have been teaching in this school for the next twenty years.




PRINCIPAL VERBS

Addition of “ed”
PresentPastPast/Present Perfect
actactedacted
addaddedadded
burnburned, burntburned, burnt
climbclimbedclimbed
copycopiedcopied
complaincomplainedcomplained
Addition of “d”
PresentPastPast/Present Perfect
lovelovedloved
dividedivideddivided
namenamednamed
judgejudgedjudged
lieliedlied
jokejokedjoked
Addition of “ied” in place of “y”
PresentPastPast/Present Perfect
multiplymultipliedmultiplied
buryburiedburied
studystudiedstudied
pitypitiedpitied
Change of vowels
PresentPastPast/Present Perfect
Bearboreborne
drinkdrankdrunk
flingflungflung
getgotgot
ringrangrung
runranrun
Change of vowels and addition of “n”
PresentPastPast/Present Perfect
arisearosearisen
awakeawokeawaken
begetbegotbegotten
bidbadebidden
bitebitbitten
No change
PresentPastPast/Present Perfect
betbetbet
bidbidbid
burstburstburst
castcastcast
costcostcost
cutcutcut



Exception

Present Past Past/Present Perfect
go went gone

What is the verb-tense?

The verb is a word or a group of words that tells what is being done and in what state. Verb is a word that shows an action. These actions can be done at any time in the present, i.e. today or now, in the past i.e. yesterday or sometime ago or in the future i.e. tomorrow.

what is the Difference Between Present Perfect and Past Tense?

Present Perfect expresses an action begun in the past and completed in the present. Past tense expresses an action of the past.

Define present perfect continuous tense.

Present Perfect Continuous tense is used for an action which began sometime in the past and is still continuing.
Examples:
(i). He has been working since twelve o’clock.
(ii). They have been playing cards since morning.

Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense
Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Present Tense
Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Past Tense
Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Future Tense
Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense
CBSE Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense
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Class 5 English Grammar Chapter 6 Verb and Tense for 2020-2021
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