Class 8 Science Chapter 5 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Coal and Petroleum. MCQs are now important part of school examinations and very effective to clear the concept of the chapter in particularly science subject. All the multiple choice questions are taken from NCERT Textbooks only and answers also confined to NCERT Books only. Practicing these questions ensure scoring good marks in exams and helps in the preparation of chapter for terminal tests.

Class 8 Science Chapter 5 MCQ Online Test for 2022-2023

Class: 8Science
Chapter: 5Coal and Petroleum
Contents:MCQ Online Tests with Answers

Class 8 Science Chapter 5 MCQ Test with Explanation

Class 8 Science Chapter 5 MCQ with suitable answers and explanation are given below. All the questions are verified by the subject experts. If still there is any error, please inform us for modification. There are more than 75 questions in the sets of 10 questions. All the questions are confined to NCERT Textbooks for Class 8 Science only. Click on Start a New Test and get a set of 10 questions as a new test.

Q1

Read the following statements and choose the correct one(s):

[A]. Coal is one of the fuels used to cook food.
[B]. When heated in air coal burns and produces mainly carbon dioxide gas.
[C]. Coal tar is black, thick liquid with an unpleasant smell.
[D]. All the above
Q2

Boojho is writing some statements, choose the correct statement and help him:

[A]. The fast process of conversion of dead vegetation into coal is called “carbonization”.
[B]. Coal and petroleum are formed from the dead remains of organisms and are known as “fossil fuels”.
[C]. The black thick liquid with unpleasant smell is known as “coal tar”.
[D]. All the above
Q3

Boojho appeared in class test where he wrote some statements but he confused to know the incorrect statement. Would you help him to know that?

[A]. Compressed natural gas is less polluting fuel than petrol and diesel.
[B]. Under high temperature and pressure did plants get slowly convert to coal.
[C]. Wildlife is an exhaustible natural resource.
[D]. Resources which are present in unlimited quantity in nature are called exhaustible natural resources.
Q4

Which of the following is not a constituent of petroleum?

[A]. Paraffin wax
[B]. Lubricating Oil
[C]. Petrol
[D]. Coke
Q5

Consider the given statements and choose the correct one:

[A]. Sunlight and air are inexhaustible natural resources.
[B]. Oxygen in air is an inexhaustible natural resource.
[C]. Coal is obtained from mines and petroleum is a fossil fuel.
[D]. All the above
Q6

Which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. Petroleum gas in liquid form (LPG) is used as fuel in homes and industries.
[B]. Kerosene is used as fuel for stoves, lamps and jet aircrafts.
[C]. Diesel is used as fuel for heavy motor vehicles, electric generators.
[D]. Paraffin is used in paints and road surfacing.
Q7

Jaspaal is writing some statements, choose the incorrect statements and help him:

[A]. Fossil fuels obtained from dead remains of living organisms.
[B]. Refining is a process by which the various constituents of petroleum are separated.
[C]. Coke is a porous black substance obtained from coal.
[D]. Coal is a substance obtained by bitumen.
Q8

Consider the following statements, choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Those natural resources which are present in unlimited quantity in nature and are not exhausted by human activities called inexhaustible natural resources.
[B]. Those natural resources which are present in limited quantity in nature and can be exhausted by human activities are called exhaustible natural resources.
[C]. Coal and petroleum and natural gas and air are also non-renewable resources of energy.
[D]. None of the above
Q9

Paheli is writing some statements. She wants to know in which of the following statements is or are correct?

[A]. Coal is hard, black, combustible mineral that consists mainly of carbon.
[B]. The slow process by which the dead plants buried deep under the earth have coal is called carbonization.
[C]. Coal is important because it can be used as a source of heat energy.
[D]. All the above.
Q10

Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Petroleum is a dark coloured, thick crude oil found deep below the ground in certain areas.
[B]. Petroleum is a complex mixture of compounds known as hydrocarbon.
[C]. Petroleum occurs the surface of earth between two layers of rock.
[D]. Petroleum is extracted by drilling holes in the earth’s crust.
Q11

Boojho appeared in class test where he wrote some statements but he confused to know the incorrect statement. Would you help him to know that?

[A]. Petrol is used as a fuel in light motor vehicles.
[B]. Diesel is used as a fuel in heavy motor vehicles.
[C]. Lubrication oil is used for lubrication in machines and engines.
[D]. Bitumen is used for medicine industry.
Q12

Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. he petroleum gas which has been liquefied under pressure is called liquefied petroleum gas.
[B]. Natural gas consists mainly of methane with small quantities of ethane and propane.
[C]. When natural gas is compressed by applying pressure, it is called compressed natural gas.
[D]. Natural gas is called an uncleaned fuel because it burns with producing smoke.
Q13

Exhaustible natural resources are:

[A]. Unlimited in quantity
[B]. Not dependent on nature
[C]. Limited in quantity
[D]. Not exhausted by human activities
Q14

Boojho is writing some statements, choose the incorrect statement and help him:

[A]. Those chemicals which are obtained from petroleum and natural gas are called petrochemicals.
[B]. Petrochemical are very important because they are used to manufacturing a wide range of useful material.
[C]. The burning of fossil fuel is a major source of air pollution and global warming.
[D]. None of the above
Q15

Coal is processed in industries to get some useful products. Which of the following is not obtained from coal?

[A]. Coke
[B]. Coal tar
[C]. Coal gas
[D]. CNG
Q16

People are advised to save petrol while driving. Considered the sentences and choose the correct statements which are fits to saving petrol.

[A]. Drive the vehicle at a constant and moderate speed as possible.
[B]. Switch off the vehicle’s engine at traffic lights or at a place where a person has to wait.
[C]. Ensure correct air pressure in the tyres of vehicles.
[D]. All the above.
Q17

The various compounds present in coal tar are separated by the process of:

[A]. Simple distillation
[B]. Destructive distillation
[C]. Fractional distillation
[D]. Fractional crystallization
Q18

Which of the following is a pair of exhaustible natural resources?

[A]. Coal and soil
[B]. Air and sunlight
[C]. Water and petroleum
[D]. Wildlife and minerals
Q19

Air is a natural resource and cannot be exhausted by human activities. It is known as in exhaustible natural resources. Which of the following is another inexhaustible natural resource?

[A]. Coal
[B]. Petroleum
[C]. Sunlight
[D]. Minerals
Q20

Choose the correct statement from the following:

[A]. It is difficult to transport natural gas through pipes
[B]. The advantage of natural gas is that it cannot be used directly for burning in homes
[C]. Natural gas is stored under high pressure as compressed natural gas
[D]. Natural gas cannot be used for power generation
Q21

Consider the following statements, choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Those natural resources which are present in unlimited quantity in nature and are not exhausted by human activities called inexhaustible natural resources.
[B]. Those natural resources which are present in limited quantity in nature and can be exhausted by human activities are called exhaustible natural resources.
[C]. Coal and petroleum and natural gas and air are also non-renewable resources of energy.
[D]. None of the above
Q22

Various materials which are obtained from nature are called natural resources. Which of the following is not a natural resource?

[A]. Minerals
[B]. Water
[C]. Soil
[D]. Plastic
Q23

Paheli is writing some statement which is given by her teacher. Would you help him to choose the incorrect statements?

[A]. Fossils are the remains of the pre-historic plants or animals, buried under the earth millions of years ago.
[B]. Fossil fuels are exhaustible natural resources.
[C]. The slow process by which the dead plants breathe deep under the earth have become coal is called carbonization.
[D]. Coal is used to make Coca-Cola.
Q24

Consider the following statement and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Coal gas, coal tar and coke are called products of coal.
[B]. The strong heating of coal is the absence of air is called “destructive distillation” of coal.
[C]. Coal tar is a thick, black liquid having an unpleasant smell which is obtained by heating coal in the absence of air.
[D]. Coal is used in the manufacturing of copper and aluminum.
Q25

In which of the following sentences is or are correct?

[A]. Fossil fuels can be made in the laboratory.
[B]. CNG is more polluting fuel than petrol.
[C]. Kerosene is not a fossil fuel.
[D]. Coal tar is a mixture of various substances.

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