NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Role of Government in Health Unit 2 (अध्याय 2: स्वास्थ्य में सरकार की भूमिका) free to View online. All the NCERT Solutions are based on latest NCERT Books for the academic session 2019 – 20.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 2
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Role of the Government in Health: Question answers
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7 Social Science – Civics – Chapter 2: Question Answers
Important Notes on Chapter 2
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
In a democracy people expect the government to work for their welfare. This could be through the provision of education, health, employment, housing or the development of roads, electricity etc. In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need appropriate healthcare facilities such as health
Centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance services, blood banks, etc., that can provide the required care and services that patients need. In order to run such facilities we need health workers, nurses, qualified doctors and other health professionals who can advise, diagnose and treat illnesses. We also need the medicines and equipment that are necessary for treating patients.
Public Health Care
India has considerable experience and knowledge in running a public healthcare system. This is a system of hospitals and health centres run by the government. It has the ability to look after the health of a large section of its population scattered over hundreds of thousands of villages.
With all the above positive developments we are not able to provide proper healthcare facilities to people. This is the paradox – something that is contrary to what we would expect. Our country has the money, knowledge and people with experience but cannot make the necessary healthcare available to all.
The public health service is a chain of health centres and hospitals run by the government. They are linked together so that they cover both rural and urban areas and can also provide treatment to all kinds of problems – from common illnesses to special services. At the village level there are health centres where there is usually a nurse and a village health worker.
Registered Medical Practitioners
There is a wide range of private health facilities that exist in our country. A large number of doctors run their own private clinics. In the rural areas, one finds Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs). Urban areas have a large number of doctors, many of them providing specialised services. There are hospitals and nursing homes that are privately owned. There are many laboratories that do tests and offer special facilities such as X-ray, ultrasound, etc. There are also shops from where we buy medicines.