NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament? (अध्याय 3: हमें संसद क्यों चाहिए?) (Unit 2 of Social and Political Life – III ) to Study online free with latest CBSE Books to free download. Download NCERT Solutions for Maths, Science and Hindi also.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 3
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Why do we need a Parliament?: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament? Solutions
Important Questions on 8 Civics Chapter 3
Why Do We Need a Parliament?
We in India pride ourselves on being a democracy. It is these elements that together make us a democracy and this is best expressed in the institution of the Parliament. The Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making and control the government, thus making it the most important symbol of Indian democracy and a key feature of the Constitution.
Why should People Vote?
People from various backgrounds joined the struggle and they were inspired by the ideas of freedom, equality and participation in decision– making. The Government of India Act 1909, allowed for some elected representation. While these early legislatures under the British government were in response to the growing demands of the nationalists, they did not allow for all adults to vote nor could people participate in decision making. The dreams and aspirations of the freedom struggle were made concrete in the Constitution of independent India that laid down the principle of universal adult franchise, i.e. that all adult citizens of the country have the right to vote.
How does the individual give approval to the government?
One way of doing so, is through elections. People would elect their representatives to the Parliament, then, one group from among these elected representatives forms the government. The Parliament, which is made up of all representatives together, controls and guides the government. In this sense people, through their chosen representatives, form the government and also control it.
What is the Role of the Parliament?
Created after 1947, the Indian Parliament is an expression of the faith that the people of India have in principles of democracy. The Parliament in our system has immense powers because it is the representative of the people. The Lok Sabha is usually elected once every five years. The country is divided into numerous constituencies. Each of these constituencies elects one person to the Parliament. One of the most important functions of the Lok Sabha is to select the executive. The executive is a group of persons who work together to implement the laws made by the Parliament. This executive is often what we have in mind when we use the term government. The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the ruling party in the Lok Sabha. From the MPs who belong to her party, the Prime Minister selects ministers to work with her to implement decisions. These ministers then take charge of different areas of government functioning like health, education, finance etc.