NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary (अध्याय 5: न्यायपालिका) (Unit 3 of Social and Political Life – III ) to Study online and Download NCERT Solutions for other subjects like Maths, Science, etc. also.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 5
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Judiciary: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary Solutions
Important Questions on 8 Civics Chapter 5
What is the Role of the Judiciary?
Courts take decisions on a very large number of issues. They can decide that no teacher can beat a student or about the sharing of river waters between states or they can punish people for particular crimes. Broadly speaking, the work that the judiciary does can be divided into the following:
- Judicial Review: As the final interpreter of the Constitution, the judiciary also has the power to strike down particular laws passed by the Parliament if it believes that these are a violation of the basic structure of the Constitution. This is called judicial review.
- Dispute Resolution: The judicial system provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between citizens, between citizens and the government, between two state governments and between the centre and state governments.
- Upholding the Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights: Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme Court or the High Court if they believe that their Fundamental Rights have been violated.
What is an Independent Judiciary?
It is the independence of the judiciary that allows the courts to play a central role in ensuring that there is no misuse of power by the legislature and the executive. It also plays a crucial role in protecting the Fundamental Rights of citizens because anyone can approach the courts if they believe that their rights have been violated.
What is the Structure of Courts in India?
There are three different levels of courts in our country. There are several courts at the lower level while there is only one at the apex level.
- The courts that most people interact with are what are called subordinate or district courts. These are usually at the district or Tehsil level or in towns and they hear many kinds of cases.
- Each state is divided into districts that are presided over by a District Judge.
- Each state has a High Court which is the highest court of that state.
- At the top is the Supreme Court that is located in New Delhi and is presided over by the Chief Justice of India. The decisions made by the Supreme Court are binding on all other courts in India.