NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 2
|Subject:||English – First Flight|
|Chapter 2:||Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom|
10th English First Flight Chapter 2 Question – Answers
CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 2: Nelson Mandela: Long walk to freedom is given below with all questions answers, working with the text, working with language, writing and reading, oral comprehension check, etc. Visit to Discussion Forum to ask your doubts and reply to the questions asked by others.
Passages for Comprehension
I. READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOWS:
On that lovely autumn day I was accompanied by my daughter Zenani. On the podium, Mr de Klerk was first sworn in as second deputy president. Then Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president.
When it was my turn, I pledged to obey and uphold the Constitution and to devote myself to the wellbeing of the Republic and its people.
1. What is the occasion?
2. Name the first deputy president given in the passage.
3. Find a word from the passage which means ‘to sustain’.
II. READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOWS:
The policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in my country and my people. All of us will spend many years, if not generations, recovering from that profound hurt. But the decades of oppression and brutality had another, unintended, effect, and that was that it produced the Oliver Tambos, the Walter Sisulus, the Chief Luthulis, the Yusuf Dadoos, the Bram Fischers, the Robert Sobukwes of our time* — men of such extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity that their like may never be known again.
1. What does word ‘apartheid’ mean?
2. What was the effect of oppression?
3. Find a word that means ‘deep’.
III. READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOWS:
Even in the grimmest times in prison, when my comrades and I were pushed to our limits, I would see a glimmer of humanity in one of the guards, perhaps just for a second, but it was enough to reassure me and keep me going. Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.
1. What is ‘the grimmest time’?
2. Who were tortured there?
3. Name the lesson.
Suggested Answers of Passages
Comprehension Passage I – Answers
1. First democratic, non-racial government was installed in South Africa.
2. He is Thabo Mbeki.
Comprehension Passage II – Answers
1. The word ‘apartheid’ means policy of racial discrimination.
2. The oppression created men of courage and wisdom.
Comprehension Passage III – Answers
1. ‘The grimmest times’ means the most troublesome moment of suffering.
2. Nelson and his comrades were tortured.
3. The name of the lesson is ‘Nelson Mandela: Long walk to Freedom’.
Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 2 – Important Questions
Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?
The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. It was the largest gathering ever of international leaders on South African soil.
The Rashtrapati Bhawan, the Red Fort, the Supreme Court and the Parliament House of India in New Delhi are few examples of public buildings in India that are made of sandstone.
Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?
10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa because on this day, there was the largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government.
At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious … human achievement” he speaks of at the end?
By ‘an extraordinary human disaster’ Mandela means to state the practice of ‘apartheid’ in South Africa. ‘Apartheid’ is a political system that separates people according to their race. During this there was a racial segregation based on colour and the blacks suffered a lot. They were not allowed to demand freedom or any right. Mandela himself had to spend many years on infamous ‘Robben Island’ as a prisoner where he was beaten mercilessly.
He considered it as great glorious human achievement to liberate all people from the continuing bondage of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination.
What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?
Mandela felt very privileged to welcome the international leaders at the swearing – in ceremony. The South Africans were considered outlaws. He was thankful to all of them for having come to take possession with the people of the country. This was a moment of common victory for justice, peace and human dignity. They all witnessed international recognition of a newly born free democratic nation.
What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?
Nelson Mandela had aim of liberating people from the trap poverty, deprivation, suffering and discrimination. He set the ideal for a society in which there would be no discrimination based on gender or race.
What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?
When Mandela finished his speech, people saw a spectacular array of South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings. The highest military generals of South African defence force saluted Mandela and pledged their loyalty. It was of great significance as during apartheid era Mandela was arrested by them. The change in the attitude was because of struggle and sacrifices put in by many heroes of South Africa. The struggle not only ensured the nation freedom from apartheid. He believed that love can also be taught and human being is naturally inclined towards love rather than hate.
Why were two national anthems sung?
One the auspicious occasion of the inauguration two national anthems: one by the Whites and the other by the Blacks symbolising the equality of the Blacks and the Whites.
What does courage mean to Mandela?
Mandela mentions that it was the comrades from whom he learned the actual meaning of courage. For him courage did not mean the absence of fear but a triumph over fear. According to him brave men was not who felt afraid but one who is able to conquer fear.
What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?
Mandela mentioned that every man has twin obligations. The first is to his family, parents, wife and children; the second obligation is to his people, his community and his country.
What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms” with “the basic and honourable freedoms”?
Just like any child, for Mandela freedom meant to have merry and enjoy the blissful life. Once one becomes an adult, the things you did as a child look transitory because most of the activities which we did as children are wasteful for an adult’s perspective. As an adult, one has to earn a livelihood to bring the food home. It is only then we get an honorable existence in the family and in the society.
Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?
Mandela knew that the oppressor must be liberated just as surely as the oppressed. A man who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred, who is locked of hatred behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. Mandela realised that both the oppressor and the oppressed are robbed of their humanity and peace.
What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all those African patriots” who had gone before him?
By saying that he is simply the sum of all those African patriots, Mandela paid his tributes to all those who sacrificed their lives for the sake of freedom. He said that he was grateful to those who had gone before him because those heroes of past paved the path of co-operation and unity for him. Therefore, he could try to come to power to bring equality for his people with their support and eradicate racial discrimination.
How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?
With age and experience, Mandela realized the importance of freedom, understood the real meaning of freedom. When he was a young boy, he thought that he was born free and thought that as long as he obeyed his father and the customs of his tribe, he was free. But when he grew older, he realized what did freedom to raise a family, to earn a livelihood mean and all this left a great impact on his mind .He started thinking about freedom in a different way. All this made him realize that he was selfish during his childhood. He slowly understood that it was not just his freedom that was being taken away, but the freedom of all blacks of his nation. It was the freedom from fear and prejudice. So with age and experience he understood the clearer meaning of freedom.
How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?
Mandela realised in his youth that it was not just his freedom that was being snatched from him, but the freedom of all blacks who were a part of that nation. This changed his mind set and from a fearing person he became a daring rebel.
He sacrificed all the comforts of a settled family life and raised his voice to fight for a greater cause. He joined the African National Congress and became a young bold rebel ready to fight for the cause of his fellow friends and fought against racism.