Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Heredity and Evolution. All the objective questions are important for examination point of view. Practice science chapter 9 of class 10 here with these MCQs and score better in all exams.

All the MCQs are taken from NCERT Textbooks issued for new academic session 2020-2021.

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ Online Test for 2020-2021

Class: 10Science
Chapter: 9Heredity and Evolution
Contents:MCQ Online Tests with Answers and Explanation

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ with Answers for 2020-21

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ Online Test with solutions and answers. All the questions are taken from NCERT intext part as well as exercises section. Answers and explanation are also taken from NCERT Books for Class 10 Science only.


Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. The process by which new species develop from the existing species is known as specification.
[B]. A species is a population of organisms consisting of similar individuals which can breed together and produce fertile offspring.
[C]. Geographical isolation is the major factor in the specification of sexually reproduce reproducing animals because it interrupts the flow of genes between their isolated population through the gametes.
[D]. None of the above

Kiran is completed her science chapter where she wrote some statements on “Darwin’s theory”. She wants to know whether the statements are correct or not? Kiran wants to take help from you:

[A]. Variations when accumulated over a long period of time, lead to the origin of a new species.
[B]. Even though all species produce a large number of offspring, populations remain fairly constant naturally.
[C]. The fit individuals possessing favorable variation to survive and reproduce, called natural selection or survival of the fittest.
[D]. All the above.


In a quiz competition, you are asked a question where you have to choose the statement which is/ are incorrect?

[A]. The changes in the non-reproductive body cells of an organisms cannot be inherited by its offspring.
[B]. A trait or characteristic of an organism which is “not inherited” but develops in response to the environment is called an acquired trait.
[C]. A trait of an organisms which is caused by a change is in its genes or DNA is called an inherited trait.
[D]. The acquired traits of organisms can be passed on to their future generations.

The two versions of a trait (character) which are brought in by the male and female gametes are situated on

[A]. Copies of the same chromosome
[B]. Two different chromosomes
[C]. Sex chromosomes
[D]. Any chromosome


Which of the following statement is or are correct?

[A]. Gametes constitute the link between one generation and the next, and pass on the paternal (or father’s) and maternal (or mother’s) characters or traits to the offspring.
[B]. The transmission of characters or traits from the parents to their offspring is called heredity.
[C]. The hereditary information is present in the sex cells or gametes of the parents.
[D]. All the above

Select the incorrect statement

[A]. Frequency of certain genes in a population change over several generations resulting in evolution
[B]. Reduction in weight of the organism due to starvation is genetically controlled
[C]. Low weight parents can have heavy weight progeny
[D]. Traits which are not inherited over generations do not cause evolution


In human males all the chromosomes are paired perfectly except one. This/these unpaired chromosomes is/are

[A]. Large chromosome, and small chromosome
[B]. Y-chromosome
[C]. Y-chromosome, and X-chromosome
[D]. Small chromosome, and X-chromosome

If a round, green seeded pea plant (RR yy) is crossed with wrinkled, yellow seeded pea plant, (rr YY) the seeds produced in F1 generation are

[A]. Round and yellow
[B]. Round and green
[C]. Wrinkled and green
[D]. Wrinkled and yellow


Priya is writing some statements, choose the incorrect statement and help him:

[A]. The differences in the characters among the individuals of a species is called variation.
[B]. The free earlobes and attached earlobes are the two variations found in human population.
[C]. The significance of a variation shows up only if it continues to be inherited by the offspring for several generations.
[D]. The great disadvantage of variation to a species is that it increases the chances of its survival in a changing environment.

Which of the following statement is or are correct?

[A]. Gregor Mendel was the first scientist to make a systematic study of patterns of inheritance which involved the transfer of characteristics from parents to progeny.
[B]. The gene which can decide the appearance of an organism only in the presence of another identical gene is called a recessive gene.
[C]. The gene which decides the appearance of an organism even in the presence of an alternative gene is known as dominant gene.
[D]. All the above

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Which type of traits can be inherited?

Those Variations, which arise during the process of reproduction, can be inherited.

What is meant by heredity?

Transfer of traits from parents to offspring is called heredity.

How do we determine the age of fossil?

There are two components to determine the age. One is, if we dig into the earth and start finding fossils, it is reasonable to suppose that the fossils we find closer to the surface are more recent than the fossils we find in deeper layers. The second way of dating fossils is by detecting the ratios of different isotopes of the same element in the fossil material.

What are fossils?

When a living being dies and the dead body gets caught in hot mud, for example, it will not decompose quickly, and the mud will eventually harden and retain the impression of the body parts of the living being. All such preserved traces of living organisms are called fossils.