Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Heredity and Evolution. All the objective questions are important for examination point of view. Practice science chapter 9 of class 10 here with these MCQs and score better in all exams.

All the MCQs are taken from NCERT Textbooks issued for new academic session 2020-2021.

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ Online Test for 2020-2021

Class: 10Science
Chapter: 9Heredity and Evolution
Contents:MCQ Online Tests with Answers and Explanation

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ with Answers for 2020-21

Class 10 Science Chapter 9 MCQ Online Test with solutions and answers. All the questions are taken from NCERT intext part as well as exercises section. Answers and explanation are also taken from NCERT Books for Class 10 Science only.


Kiran is completed her science chapter where she wrote some statements on “Darwin’s theory”. She wants to know whether the statements are correct or not? Kiran wants to take help from you:

[A]. Variations when accumulated over a long period of time, lead to the origin of a new species.
[B]. Even though all species produce a large number of offspring, populations remain fairly constant naturally.
[C]. The fit individuals possessing favorable variation to survive and reproduce, called natural selection or survival of the fittest.
[D]. All the above.

In peas, a pure tall plant (TT) is crossed with a short plant (tt). The ratio of pure tall plants to short plants in F2 is

[A]. 1 : 3
[B]. 3 : 1
[C]. 1 : 1
[D]. 2 : 1


Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. The characteristics or traits in animals including human beings, are also transmitted from the parents through genes by the process of sexual reproduction.
[B]. Mother is responsible for the sex of the baby boy or girl which is born.
[C]. The process by which the sex of a person is determined is called sex determination
[D]. The chromosomes which determine the sex of a person are called sex chromosomes.

Select the group which shares maximum number of common characters

[A]. Two individuals of a species
[B]. Two species of a genus
[C]. Two genera of a family
[D]. Two genera of two families


Which of the following statements is not true with respect to variation?

[A]. All variations in a species have equal chance of survival
[B]. Change in genetic composition results in variation
[C]. Selection of variants by environmental factors forms the basis of evolutionary processes.
[D]. Variation is minimum in asexual reproduction

Select the incorrect statement

[A]. Frequency of certain genes in a population change over several generations resulting in evolution
[B]. Reduction in weight of the organism due to starvation is genetically controlled
[C]. Low weight parents can have heavy weight progeny
[D]. Traits which are not inherited over generations do not cause evolution

In human males all the chromosomes are paired perfectly except one. This/these unpaired chromosomes is/are

[A]. Large chromosome, and small chromosome
[B]. Y-chromosome
[C]. Y-chromosome, and X-chromosome
[D]. Small chromosome, and X-chromosome

A cross between a tall plant (TT) and short pea plant (tt) resulted in progeny that were all tall plants because

[A]. Tallness is the dominant trait
[B]. Shortness is the dominant trait
[C]. Tallness is the recessive trait
[D]. Height of pea plant is not governed by gene ‘T’ or ‘t’


Which of the following may be used to obtain an F2 generation?

[A]. Allowing flowers on a parent plant to be self-pollinated
[B]. Allowing flowers on an F1 plant to be self-pollinated
[C]. Cross-pollinating an F1 plant with a parent plant
[D]. Cross-pollinating two parent plants

Priya is writing some statements, choose the incorrect statement and help him:

[A]. The differences in the characters among the individuals of a species is called variation.
[B]. The free earlobes and attached earlobes are the two variations found in human population.
[C]. The significance of a variation shows up only if it continues to be inherited by the offspring for several generations.
[D]. The great disadvantage of variation to a species is that it increases the chances of its survival in a changing environment.

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Which type of traits can be inherited?

Those Variations, which arise during the process of reproduction, can be inherited.

What is meant by heredity?

Transfer of traits from parents to offspring is called heredity.

How do we determine the age of fossil?

There are two components to determine the age. One is, if we dig into the earth and start finding fossils, it is reasonable to suppose that the fossils we find closer to the surface are more recent than the fossils we find in deeper layers. The second way of dating fossils is by detecting the ratios of different isotopes of the same element in the fossil material.

What are fossils?

When a living being dies and the dead body gets caught in hot mud, for example, it will not decompose quickly, and the mud will eventually harden and retain the impression of the body parts of the living being. All such preserved traces of living organisms are called fossils.