NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 Mineral and Energy Resources in English and Hindi Medium modified as per new syllabus 2024-25. If you need extra questions of 12th Geography chapter 7 of India People and Economy Unit III, get it here with answers and explanation.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7

Give an account of the distribution of mica in India.

Mica is a non-metallic mineral of earth. It is mainly used in electrical and electronic industries. In India it is produced in Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Rajasthan followed by Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.
In Jharkhand, high quality mica is obtained in a belt extending over a distance of about 150 km, in length and about 22 km, in width in lower Hazaribagh plateau.

In Andhra Pradesh, Nellore district produces the best quality mica. In Rajasthan, mica belt extends for about 320 kms from Jaipur to Bhilwara and around Udaipur.
Mica deposits also occur in Mysore and Hasan districts of Karnataka, Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, Aleppo in Kerala, Ratnagiri in Maharashtra, Purulia and Bankura in West Bengal.

Name non-ferrous metal. Discuss their spatial distribution.
There are a large number of non-ferrous materials, covering every metal and alloy that does not contain iron. Non-ferrous metals include aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, titanium and zinc, as well as copper alloys like brass and bronze.

    • Largest reserves/resources of copper are in Rajasthan followed by Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh.
    • Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh produce almost the entire lead of India. Rajasthan is the leading producer. In 2002-03 this state produced 55.8 thousand tons of lead which accounted for over 94 per cent of the total production of India.
    • The State of Odisha is endowed with the largest share of resources of nickel ore in the country.
    • Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Maharashtra have the largest resources of zinc in India.

Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 MCQ


In which one of the following states are the major oil fields located?

[A]. Assam
[B]. Bihar
[C]. Rajasthan
[D]. Tamil Nadu

At which one of the following places was the first atomic power station started?

[A]. Kalpakkam
[B]. Narora
[C]. Rana Pratap Sagar
[D]. Tarapur

Which one of the following minerals is known as brown diamond?

[A]. Iron
[B]. Lignite
[C]. Manganese
[D]. Mica

Which one of the following is non-renewable source of energy?

[A]. Hydel
[B]. Solar
[C]. Thermal
[D]. Wind power
What is nuclear power? Mention the important nuclear power stations in India.

Nuclear power is the controlled use of nuclear energy. Nuclear energy can be released by nuclear reactions in a machine called a nuclear reactor. This energy can be used to create electricity, but it must first be released from the atom.
List of Nuclear Power Plants in India:

Name of Nuclear Power StationLocation
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station – 1993Gujarat
(Kalpakkam) Madras Atomic Power Station – 1984Tamil Nadu
Narora Atomic Power Station- 1991Uttar Pradesh
Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant -2000Karnataka
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station – 1973Rajasthan
Tarapur Atomic Power Station – 1969Maharashtra
Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant – 2013Tamil Nadu
What are non-conventional sources of energy?

Non-conventional energy, also called renewable energy are sources that are renewed by natural processes on a continual basis. Solar energy, wind energy, bio-energy (bio-fuels cultivated sustainably), hydro-power, and other sustainable energy sources are some examples.

A renewable energy system transforms energy from the sun, wind, falling water, sea waves, geothermal heat, or biomass into heat or electricity that humans can utilize. The majority of renewable energy originates from the sun and wind, either directly or indirectly, and can never be depleted, which is why it is termed renewable.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 in English Medium
Class 12 Geography Chapter 7
Last Edited: November 3, 2022