NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology Chapter 1 MCQ of Structural Change in English Medium updated for session 2023-24. Students of class 12 Sociology can get here multiple choice questions and answers of Social Change and Development in India chapter 1 with explanation.

When urban features start to develop in an exceedingly village area the method is thought as
[A] Globalization
[B] Industrialisation
[C] Urbanization
[D] None of the above
Solution:
[C] Urbanization
This kind of growth often corresponds with a shift from a way of organizing labor to a different. The globe population has grown significantly, and our economies became more industrialized over the past few hundred years, and as a result more people have moved into cities. This process is understood as urbanization.

Class 12 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 1 MCQ Explanation

Q1

British colonialism was supported an entirely system.

[A]. Socialist
[B]. Capitalist
[C]. Communist
[D]. Religious
Q2

_____ Particularly from the British Presidency regions of Bengal and Madras moved as government employees and professionals like doctors and lawyers moved to different parts of the country.

[A]. Low Class
[B]. Socio-economic class
[C]. Middle class
[D]. Nobility
Q3

Implied that the people of India or of any colonised society have an equal right to be sovereign.

[A]. Socialism
[B]. Communism
[C]. Capitalism
[D]. Nationalism
Q4

The concerns conquerors benefited from their domination by exacting a continual flow of tribute.

[A]. Pre-capitalist
[B]. Capitalist
[C]. Imperialist
[D]. Post-imperialist

The descriptive features of a village are
[A] Primary relations
[B] Low population
[C] Agriculture as primary occupation
[D] All of the above
Solution:
[D] All of the above
Isolation and Self-Sufficiency:,. Peace and Simplicity: …, Conservatism: …,. Poverty and Illiteracy: …, Local Self-government: … The change in village community is also seen in several spheres: 1.Caste System: … 2 Jajmani System: A village could be a small settlement usually found in an exceedingly rural setting. It’s generally larger than a “hamlet” but smaller than a “town”. Some geographers specifically define a village as having between 500 and a couple of,500 inhabitants. In most parts of the planet, villages are settlements of individuals clustered around a central point

Class 12 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 1 MCQ Answers

Q5

Once more percent of individuals within the west board towns and cities.

[A]. 25
[B]. 50
[C]. 84
[D]. 90
Q6

From the top of the century, with the installation of mechanised factory industries, some towns became rather more heavily populated.

[A]. 10th
[B]. 14th
[C]. 19th
[D]. 21st
Q7

______ Was planned and re-developed so by 1900 over three-quarters of India’s raw cotton were shipped through town.

[A]. Bombay
[B]. Calcutta
[C]. Delhi
[D]. Madras
Q8

In 1698, was faith by the river for defensive purposes and an outsized open area was cleared round the fort for military engagements.

[A]. Fort St. Peters
[B]. Fort William
[C]. Fort Dundee
[D]. None of those

Which of the subsequent are the impacts of industrialisation
[A] Higher levels of pollution
[B] Increasing area of cities
[C] Increased production and consumption
[D] All of the above
Solution:
[D] All of the above
Industrialisation caused air and pollution and soil contamination that resulted in an exceedingly significant deterioration of quality of life and lifespan. Industrialization also exacerbated the separation of labor and capital.

Class 12 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Questions
Q9

The troubles movement strengthened the loyalty to the economic system.

[A]. Quit India
[B]. Fort Willia
[C]. Non-Cooperation
[D]. None of those
Q10

The National Planning Committee started by Indian National Congress was started within the year

[A]. 1919
[B]. 1924
[C]. 1939
[D]. 1946
Q11

The decimal rate of the urban population in 1951 was

[A]. 41.42%
[B]. 96.54%
[C]. 27.23%
[D]. 76.57%
Q12

Which of those isn’t a key area of focus by the Indian National Congress?

[A]. Agriculture
[B]. Industries
[C]. Human factor
[D]. Federal structure

Within which year did job charlock arranged to lease three villages by the river Hugli for fixing of a country store
[A] 1900
[B] 1600
[C] 1690
[D] 1960
Solution:
[C] 1690
English trader Job Charnock landed at Sutanuti on 24 August 1690 with the target of creating the East Indies Company’s Bengal headquarters.

Class 12 Sociology Part 2 Chapter 1 MCQ with Solutions
Q13

High rate of urbanization in post-independence era in India was experienced during which of the subsequent cities

[A]. Chennai
[B]. Kolkata
[C]. Mumbai
[D]. All of the above
Q14

Name English people merchant who in 1690 arranged to lease three villages Kolikata, Gobindapur, and Sutanuti.

[A]. Job Charnock
[B]. Fort William
[C]. T. Raleigh
[D]. None of the above
Q15

For that’s a process of emergence of production via machines supported inanimate power resources

[A]. Globalization
[B]. Industrialization
[C]. Colonialism
[D]. Capitalism
Q16

The classes like marginal and tiny farmers, landlords’ labourers etc are often found during which of the subsequent

[A]. Cities
[B]. Metropolitan cities
[C]. Towns
[D]. Small villages

The Indian system of parliament and education are supported which of the subsequent systems
[A] Mughal
[B] French
[C] Dutch
[D] British

Solution:
[D] British
The parliamentary system of presidency in India is essentially supported British people parliamentary system. However, it never became a reproduction of land system.