NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 9

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 Struggles for Equality Unit 5 (अध्याय 9: समानता के लिए संघर्ष) free to View online. All the NCERT Solutions are based on latest NCERT Books for the academic session 2019 – 2020. Join the Discussion Forum and answer to the questions asked by your friends and class mates.

Subject:Social Science (Civics)
Chapter 9:Struggles for Equality

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 9

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Struggles for Equality: Question answers

7 Social Science – Civics – Chapter 9: Question Answers

There is no questions in the exercises of this chapter in NCERT book. So only important questions are given below to prepare this chapter.

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Important Questions on Chapter 9

Question 1:
What is the main reason for inequality?
Answer 1:
Poverty and the lack of resources continue to be a key reason why so many people’s lives in India are highly unequal. Discrimination on the basis of a person’s religion, caste and sex is another significant factor for why people are treated unequally in India.

Question 2:
How the construction of dam, sometime makes poor people more poor?
Answer 2:
When dams are built or forest areas declared sanctuaries for animals, thousands of people are displaced. Whole villages are uprooted and people are forced to go and build new homes, start new lives elsewhere. Most of these people are poor.

Question 3:
How is poor struggling in urban areas?
Answer 3:
In urban areas, bastis in which poor people live are often uprooted. Some of them are relocated to areas outside the city. Their work as well as their children’s schooling is severely disrupted because of the distance from the outskirts of the city to these locations.

Question 4:
Describe the problems raised by Tawa dam to poor people?
Answer 4:
Originating in the Mahadeo hills of Chindwara district, the Tawa flows through Betul, before joining the Narmada in Hoshangabad. The Tawa dam began to be built in 1958 and was completed in 1978. It submerged large areas of forest and agricultural land. The forest dwellers were left with nothing. Some of the displaced people settled around the reservoir and apart from their meagre farms found a livelihood in fishing. They earned very little.
Question 5:
Why the villagers near Tawa dam get united in 1994?
Answer 5:
In 1994, the government gave the rights for fishing in the Tawa reservoir to private contractors. These contractors drove the local people away and got cheap labour from outside. The contractors began to threaten the villagers, who did not want to leave, by bringing in hoodlums. The villagers stood united and decided that it was time to set up an organisation and do something to protect their rights. In response to their protests, the government created a committee to assess the issue. The committee recommended that fishing rights be granted to the villagers for their livelihood.

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