Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 4 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN

Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 4 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN for CBSE academic session 2021-2022 in Hindi and English Medium PDF download Free. All the e-contents are given in PDF file format to use it offline according to first term or second term exams.


In class 11 Physical Education chapter 4, the main topics to study are Aims, objectives regarding Adaptive Physical Education, Organization which promotes Adaptive Sports like Special Olympics Bharat, Role of many professionals for CWSN.

Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 4 Question Answers




What is Adapted Physical Education?

With the introduction of the Right to Education, which makes education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14 all children including those who are physically and mentally challenged, or afflicted with various types of disabilities and disorders, have the right to come to school to develop their abilities through the process of education. So, in addition to the regular programmes of Physical Education (PE), the schools must provide Adapted Physical Education (APE) Programmes for children who may not receive benefits from regular Physical Education Programmes. As you know, PE is important for:

    1. development of gross motor and fine motor skills
    2. conditioning different systems in the body
    3. developing emotional health and wellbeing
    4. inculcating social values and obligations

ORIGIN OF ADAPTED PHYSICAL EDUCATION

It was in 1952 that the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER) formed a committee to define Adapted Physical Education and give direction for teachers. This committee defined Adapted Physical Education as “a diversified Programme of developmental activities, games, sports, and rhythms suited to the interests, capacities, and limitations of students with special needs who may not safely or successfully engage in unrestricted participation in the rigorous activities of the regular Physical Education Programme.”




MEANING OF ADAPTED PHYSICAL EDUCATION

According to Adapted Physical Education National Standards (APENS) Adapted Physical Education is Physical Education which has been adapted or modified, so that it is as appropriate for the person with a disability it is for a person without a disability. It is basically a Physical Education Programme specially designed for differently-abled students so that physical education activities are safe, achievable, enjoyable and, therefore, a successful experience.

APE is safe and beneficial even for infants and toddlers who need early intervention services because of developmental delays in physical, cognitive, communication, social and emotional aspects. Moreover, APE is not only for differently-abled infants and students but also for the people of all ages.

SPECIAL OLYMPICS

Special Olympics is the world’s largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities and physical disabilities. It provides year-round training and competitions to 5 million athletes and Unified Sports partners in 172 countries.
Implementation of Inclusive Education in India.

In India, the number of children/persons with disabilities or special needs is really large. As a result, they have a number of problems in getting education, especially inclusive education. It is important to implement inclusive education in India not only to provide benefits of inclusion to all individuals but also to ensure optimal utilisation of resources.