Class 12 Physical Education Chapter 4 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN (Children with Special Needs–Divyang) in Hindi and English Medium updated for academic session 2023-24 in PDF and online format. All the contents are given on website are according to latest CBSE term wise syllabus 2023-24 in Hindi Medium and English also. Short, very short, and long answers type are also given for help in preparation for exams.
In 12th Physical Education chapter 4, we will study about Concept of Disability and Disorder, its types and causes as well as nature (cognitive disability, intellectual disability, and physical disability), Types of Disorder, its cause & nature (ADHD, SPD, ASD, ODD, OCD), Disability Etiquettes, Benefits of Physical Activities for children with special needs ways to make Physical Activities assessable for children with special need.
Class 12 Physical Education Chapter 4 Question Answers
What do you know about Disability?
Disability is an integral part of human life. Almost everyone of us has faced some kind of temporary or permanent impairment at some point in life that may have led us to experience difficulties in functioning. In other words, in addition to needs in common with other children, some children may have needs that are special needs. Thus, the understanding of the concept of Children with Special Needs (CWSN) is essential.
CWSN are children who have some difficulties which may in some way impede their ability to function adequately in the family, community or school. Because of these difficulties they find it challenging to attain their full potential. The difficulties they experience may be physical, cognitive, linguistic, social, emotional or psychological. They may, therefore, require special and extra inputs to overcome their challenges. The term Disability is a very vast one and encompasses all kinds of physical impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions.
What are the Concepts of Disorder?
Disorder is a functional abnormality or disturbance. Going by this definition, disorder could be defined as a set of problems, which result in causing significant difficulty, distress, impairment and/or suffering in a person’s daily life, or a dysfunction which negatively affects the structure or function of an organism physiologically and psychologically.
A disorder must be “a manifestation of a behavioural, psychological, or biological dysfunction in the person” (American Psychiatric Association, 1987). It is also required that a disorder must be associated with “present distress (a painful symptom) or disability (impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom”.
Looking at disorders in a little more detail, we can say they are physical or mental conditions that disturb the regular or normal functioning and everyday activities of an individual. Due to the nature of disorders being flexible, they may not always be evident in every single situation. Equally what may affect one individual may not be as troublesome to another individual in the same situation.
Types of Disability
Prior to 1995, we were familiar with only four types of disabilities; Orthopedic Handicap, Visual Handicap, Hearing Handicap and Mental Handicap. In 1995, Persons with Disability Act came into force and term handicap was replaced with terms disability and impairment.