Class 12 Physical Education Chapter 1 Planning in Sports in PDF file format to use offline are given here. Hindi and English Medium study material are available for downloading in academic session 2023-24. We will study here about Meaning and Objectives of Planning, Various Committees and their Responsibilities, Tournament – Knock-Out, League or Round Robin and Combination, Procedure to Draw Fixtures – Knock-Out and League Intramural and Extramural – Meaning, Objective and Significance and Specific Sports Programme.
Class 12 Physical Education Chapter 1 Question Answers
What is planning?
Planning is the foremost function in sports as it gives a view of future course of action. To be effective, a plan should be specific, logical, flexible, and complete in all aspects and should assist in controlling future events. A plan must comprehend all the other functions of management like organising, staffing, directing and controlling in order to achieve the predetermined goals. In sports and sports events, planning plays important role to make the event run smoothly, effectively and remain free from conflict.
Objectives of Planning
Without determining the goal, a plan cannot be executed. Planning aims at realistic goal settings and their attainment. For example, if the physical education department of the school desires to conduct an intramural tournament in the month of January next year, they must plan well in advance. Before setting an objective for a sports event, an individual must have full knowledge of the event and its various aspects, must conduct scientific study regarding the conduct of the event, should collect information related to the event to be conducted such as level of the tournament. It must be decided well in advance, for example, Will the event be Intramural or Extramural?, where (venue)?, when (time)? And how many events (as per interest, feasibility, infrastructure, number of participants) etc.
This will serve as a guide and assist in decision making. Policy specifies the broad areas or limits in which decisions can be taken to achieve aims and objectives like decisions on finance or on technical issues, defining content of organizing, formation of committees etc.
Budget should be prepared in quantitative terms, covering all aspects of the sports events which are to be conducted. It should focus on the quantum of funds involved, details of income and expenditure under different heads, and various stages of approvals and disbursal.
Defining the course of action:
It helps in structured achievement of the task at hand. In a nutshell, it is all about how policies will be implemented, or, who, how, when and what an individual will do as per the plan.
Rules and regulations:
Guidelines comprising rules and regulations of games or tournament should be prepared and published well in advance to keep the scope for subjectivity and bias in judgement very low. It makes the process independent and self-sustainable.
Formation of Committees
To organise any sports event, various committees are formed for its systematic and smooth conduct. As we have discussed earlier, to conduct sports events lots of professional planning and preparation is required. Depending upon the level or area of the sports event, people are chosen to appropriate committees. For example, for an intramural event, members of the governing body or the Principal will remain the top level of management, whereas in an extramural event, the Director/Deputy Director/Supervisor of the state/ zone may be at the top level of management. Middle level of management consists of department heads, physical education teachers etc., to execute policies and achieve aims and objectives. The Lower level of management consists of teachers, administrators, finance officers etc.