Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13 Modals

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13 Modals updated for academic session 2021-2022 free for CBSE and other state board. There are some words which when used with main verbs, express the mode, and attitude of speaker, these are known as modals.

A modal expresses the mode of a verb. In fact, modals are auxiliary or helping verbs that do not indicate any action.




Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13 Modals

Class: 4English Grammar
Chapter: 13Modals

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Learn Modals through Examples

In the following sentences, the words may, could and can are modals working as helping verbs.

    1. You may go for game.
    2. Could you give me your pen?
    3. You can go now.

Important Points for Modals

    • Modals do not convey any meaning of their own.
    • Modals stand independent in question tags.
    • Modals do not change form with persons.
    • Modals do not change form with numbers.
    • Modals do not change form with gender.
    • Modals always take the original form of verb.
Most commonly used modals

The following are the most commonly used modals:
Can, could, may, might, must, ought to, have to, need, dare, shall, should, will, would.

‘Can’ is used in the following context:

1. Ability to do a job or work: I can do this sum.
2. Possession of specific power: Only the Principal can grant him leave.
3. Sanction: You can go out without pass.
4. Permission or request: can you do this?

‘Could’ is the past form of can. ‘Could’ is used in the following context:

1. Possibility: Anita could top the class.
2. Request: could you help me?
3. Advice: You could always take healthy drinks.
4. Condition: If you could work hard, you would pass.




‘May’ can be used in the following context:
    • 1. Requesting and/or granting: You may go now.
    • 2. Possibility: It may rain tonight.
    • 3. Desire or fervent wish: May god help you! Pointed
    • 4. Question: How old may this boy be?
‘Might’ is the past form of May:

It can be used in the following context:
A state of fear: I might cut my finger.

‘Must’ can be used in the following context:
    • 1. Compulsion or obligation: When you are studying, must concentrate.
    • 2. Requirement or Prerequisite: You must reach the school well in time.
    • 3. First person insistence: I must finish my homework.
    • 4. Determination: I must top the class.
‘Ought to’ can be used in the following context:

1. Obligation or Duty: We ought to love our country.
2. Desirability: You ought to have been there.

‘Have to’ can be used in the following context:

Compulsion: You have to do it.
Note: Must not’, ‘ought not’ and ‘have not to’ are the negative forms of must, ought to and have to.

Revision Questions on Modal



A. Fill in the blanks with the correct modals given in the brackets:

1. I __________ dance very well when I was young. (can, could)
2. Human being _________ land on the moon. (can, could)
3. An aeroplane _________ fly in the air. (can, could)
4. I __________ walk longer if I tried harder. (can, could)
5. _________ I take your pen? (may, might)
6. _________ you live long! (may, might)
7. You _________ have told me earlier about it. (may, might)
8. She said that she _________ come the next day. (may, might)

B. Fill in the blanks with suitable modals:

1. ____________ you meet me after lunch?
2. This ____________ be a record.
3. ____________ I use your pen?
4. She ____________ not come to school.
5. The key ____________ with the driver.

6. ____________ I have some toffee?
7. ____________ you switch on the fan?
8. ____________ you explain me the reason?
9. ____________God bless him!
10. I ____________ finish it tonight.

Tick (right) the correct modals given in the brackets:

1. He (can, ought) type the letter.
2. (Could, Might) I smoke in the room?
3. (May, Could) god help you!
4. She (can, may) speak English well.
5. (Can, Might) you help me in the work?

6. If I were you, I (can, could) do it easily.
7. (Ought, Could) you post this letter?
8. (Should, May) I park this car in the garage?
9. You (must, can) look after your parents.
10. You (must, would) read daily to pass the exam.

What do you mean by Modals?

There are some words which when used with main verbs, express the mode and attitude of speaker, these are known as modals. A modal expresses the mode of a verb. In fact, modals are auxiliary or helping verbs that do not indicate any action.
Examples:
1. You may go for game.
2. Could you give me your pen?

What is the difference between can and could modals?

‘Could’ is the past form of can. ‘Could’ is used in the following context:
Can
1. Only the Principal can grant him leave.
2. Ability to do a job or work: I can do this sum.
Could
1. Anita could top the class.
2. could you help me?

Complete sentence with correct modals given in the brackets.

1. He (can, ought) type the letter.
2. (Could, Might) I smoke in the room?
3. (May, Could) god help you!

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13 Modals
Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13 in PDF
CBSE Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13
CBSE Class 4 English Grammar Chapter 13 for all boards