NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Exercise 3.4 in Hindi and English medium updated for CBSE 2022-2023 session.

## 8th Maths Exercise 3.4 Solution in Hindi and English Medium

### Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Exercise 3.4 Solution

Class VIII Mathematics textbook Ex. 3.4 of Understanding Quadrilaterals free to download in PDF updated for CBSE exams 2022-23. Learn here all the properties of quadrilateral, special type of quadrilateral and practice questions based on properties of quadrilaterals. The NCERT Books questions are solved in text file as well as videos format to help the students. Solution and explanation videos are given separately. No login or registration is required for the access of contents. We never disturb the user by call or message.

Class: 8 | Mathematics |

Chapter: 3 | Exercise: 3.4 |

Topic Name: | Understanding Quadrilaterals |

Medium: | Hindi and English |

Content Type: | Online Text and Videos |

#### Diagonal Properties of Rectangle

##### Result 2

Prove that the diagonals of a rectangle are equal and bisect each other.

##### PROOF

Let ABCD be a rectangle whose diagonals AC and BD intersect at the point O. From DABC and DBAD, we have

AB = BA (common)

âˆ ABC = âˆ BAD (each equal to 90Â°)

BC = AD (opposite sides of a rectangle

So, triangle ABC congruent triangle BAD (by SAS congruence)

Or, AC = BD.

Hence, the diagonals of a rectangle are equal.

From triangle OAB and triangle OCD.

we have âˆ OAB = âˆ OCD (alternate angles)

âˆ OBA = âˆ ODC (alternate angles)

AB = CD (opposite sides of a rectangle)

So, triangle OAB congruent triangle OCD (by ASA congruence)

Or, OA = OC and OB =OD.

This shows that the diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other.

Hence. the diagonals of a rectangle are equal and bisect each other.

##### Diagonal Properties of a Rhombus

##### Result 3

Prove that the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.

##### PROOF

Let ABCD be a rhombus whose diagonals AC and BD intersect at the point O.

We know that the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.

Also, we know that every rhombus is a parallelogram.

So, the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other.

OA = OC and OB = OD

From DCOB and DCOD,

we have: CB = CD (sides of a rhombus)

CO = CO (common)

OB = OD (proved)

So, triangle COB congruent triangle COD (by SSS congruence)

Or, âˆ COB = âˆ COD. (Rule)

But, âˆ COB + âˆ COD = 2 right angles (linear pair)

So, âˆ COB = âˆ COD = 1 right angle.

Hence, the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.

##### Diagonal Properties of a Square

##### Result 3

Prove that the diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angles.

##### Proof

We know that the diagonals of a rectangle are equal.

Also, we know that every square is a rectangle.

So the diagonals of a square are equal.

Again we know that the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.

But every square is a rhombus.

So, the diagonals of a square bisect each other at right angles.

Hence, the diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angles.

##### Area of Parallelogram

Area of a parallelogram = base x height = b x h

Area of Rhombus

Rhombus is a special type of parallelogram in which all four sides are equal.

Area of a rhombus = (Product of diagonals)/2

Area of a Triangle

Area of a triangle = (base x height)/2

### Class 8 Maths Exercise 3.4 Extra Questions for Practice

### The area of a square PQRS is 36 sq. cm. Find the area of the square joining the mid-points of the sides of PQRS.

Area of square PQRS = 36 sq. cm

So, Each side of square PQRS = 36 cm = 6 cm

AQ = (PQ) = x 6 cm = 3 cm (ABCD being a square and A is the mid-point of PQ)

we have Similarly, QB = 3 cm

In right angled DAQB, by Pythagoras theorem

AB2 = AQ2 + QB2

AB2 = (3)2 + (3)2 = 9 + 9 = 18

So, AB = âˆš18 cm = 3 âˆš2 cm

Thus, area of the square ABCD = (side x side)

= 3 âˆš2 x 3 âˆš2 sq. cm = 18 sq. cm

### The length of a rectangle is 8 cm and each of its diagonals measures 10 cm. Find its breadth.

Let ABCD be the given rectangle in which length AB = 8 cm and

diagonal AC = 10 cm.

Since each angle of a rectangle is a right angle, we have

âˆ ABC = 90Â°.

From the right DABC, we have

AB2 + BC2 = AC2

Then, BC2 = (AC2 â€“ AB2) = {(10)2 â€“ (8)2} cm = (100 â€“ 64) cm = 36 cm

Or, BC = 36 cm = 6 cm.

Hence, breadth = 6 cm.

### The area of the parallelogram ABCD is 360 sq. cm. If AB = 30 cm and DE = 5 cm, from the given figure, find the side BC of the parallelogram.

Area of the parallelogram ABCD = base x height

360 = DC x AE

Or, 360 = 30 x AE (QDC = AB = 30 cm)

Or, AE = 12 cm

In right angled DAED, by Pythagoras theorem

AD2 = AE2 + DE2

Or, AD2 = 122 + 52

So, AD2 = 144 + 25

So, AD2 = 169

So, AD = âˆš169 cm = 13 cm or BC = 13 cm (QAD = BC) Hence, side BC of the parallelogram ABCD is 13 cm.

### In a right angled triangle, the ratio between the base and the altitude (height) is 5 :3, If the area of the triangle is 1080 sq. m, find the measure of the base and the altitude.

Let the base be 5x then altitude is 3x.

Area of the triangle = (base x altitude)

1080 = (5x x 3x)/2

1080 = (15×2)/2

So, X2 = (1080 x 2)/15 = 144

Or, X = 12

So, Base = 5x = (5 x 12) m = 60 m

And, Altitude = 3x = (3 x 12) m = 36 m

The base and altitude of the right angled triangle are 60 m and 36 m respectively

##### Summary About Diagonals

- Diagonals of a rectangle are equal and bisect each other.
- Diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.
- Diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angles.

##### Perimeter and Area of Polygons

Shapes | Perimeter (in units) | Area (in sq. units) |
---|---|---|

Rectangle | 2 (l + b) | l x b |

Square | 4a | a x a = a2 |

Parallelogram | 2 (a + b) | b x h |

Rhombus | 4a | 2 (d1 x d2) |