Class 8 Science Chapter 17 MCQ

Class 8 Science Chapter 17 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Stars and Solar System with answers and explanation of each question. All the questions are extracted from latest NCERT textbook issued for academic session 2021-2022.

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Class 8 Science Chapter 17 MCQ for 2021-2022

Class: 8Science
Chapter: 17Stars and Solar System
Contents: Multiple Choice Questions

MCQ Tests with Answers for Class 8 Science Chapter 17


Morning star is the name given to:

[A]. Pole star
[B]. Star Sirius
[C]. Planet Jupiter
[D]. Planet Venus

The sun appears to move from east to west around the earth. This means that earth rotates from:

[A]. East to West
[B]. West to East
[C]. North to South
[D]. West to North

Suppose a new planet is discovered between Uranus and Neptune. Its time period would be:

[A]. Less than that of Neptune
[B]. More than that of Neptune
[C]. Equal to that of Neptune or Uranus
[D]. Less than that of Uranus

Which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. Mars is also called the red planet because its surface appears red.
[B]. Jupiter is the biggest planet of our solar system.
[C]. Saturn is also made up mainly of hydrogen and helium.
[D]. None of the above.

The change in seasons on the earth occurs because:

[A]. The distance between the Earth and the Sun is not constant
[B]. The axis of rotation of the Earth is parallel to the plane of its Orbit
[C]. The axis of rotation of the earth is perpendicular to the plane of its Orbit
[D]. The axis of rotation of the earth is tilted with respect to the plane of its Orbit


Consider the following statements and choose the correct one:

[A]. The earth has an atmosphere and water.
[B]. The axis of rotation of earth is slightly tilted with respect to the plane of its orbit or path around the sun.
[C]. An important consequence of the motion of tilted Earth around the Sun is that it causes different seasons on the earth.
[D]. All the above.

Choose the correct statements:

[A]. The planet nearest to us is Jupiter
[B]. All the stars are at the same distance from us.
[C]. The planets do not emit light of their own.
[D]. None of the above.

Anuj appeared in class test but he confused to know the correct statement. Would you help him to know that?

[A]. Venus is the closest planet to the Earth and also hottest planet in solar system.
[B]. The planet Venus can be seen either as a “Morning Star” in the eastern sky or as an “Evening Star” in the western sky.
[C]. Mercury and Venus are the only two planets of the solar system which has no satellites revolving around them.
[D]. All the above.

In a science quiz competition, Rashmi is asked a question where she had to choose the statement which was/were incorrect?

[A]. Planet Mercury can be seen as a “morning star” or an “evening star”.
[B]. Planet Mercury has no satellite and also no life there.
[C]. Mercury is the planet which is nearest to the Sun and also the smallest planet of the Solar System.
[D]. None of the above.

Which of the following is not a member of the Solar system?

[A]. Asteroids
[B]. Morning Star
[C]. Satellites
[D]. Constellation


Phases of the Moon occurs because:

[A]. We can see only that part of the Moon which reflects light towards us
[B]. Our distance from the Moon keeps changing.
[C]. The shadow of the earth covers only a part of the Moon’s surface
[D]. The thickness of the Moon’s atmosphere is not constant

Which of the following is not a member of the Solar System?

[A]. An asteroid
[B]. A satellite
[C]. A constellation
[D]. Earth

In a quiz competition, you are asked a question where you have to choose the statement which is/ are correct?

[A]. The Orion constellation consists of seven or eight bright stars.
[B]. The Orion constellation is visible in the sky during the winter season in late evenings.
[C]. The brightest star in the night sky is “Sirius” which is close to the Orion constellation.
[D]. All the above.

After the Sun, the next nearest star to the Earth is:

[A]. Alpha Centauri
[B]. Pole Star
[C]. Sirius
[D]. Proxima Centauri

The distances between the various celestial objects are usually expressed in the unit of:

[A]. Kilometers
[B]. Light minutes
[C]. Light years
[D]. Light seconds


Which of the following constellation can be seen in the night sky during the winter season?

[A]. Orion and Ursa Major
[B]. Ursa Major and Leo Major
[C]. Orion and Cassiopeia
[D]. Ursa Major and Cassiopeia

The brightest star in the night sky called Sirius is located close to one of the following constellations. This constellation is:

[A]. Great Bear
[B]. Leo Major
[C]. Cassiopeia
[D]. Orion

Consider the following statements and choose the correct one:

[A]. Meteoroids are much smaller than asteroids and comets.
[B]. Star has its own light but a shooting star has no light of its own.
[C]. Meteors are the celestial bodies from the sky which we see as a bright streak of light that flashes for a moment across the sky.
[D]. All the above.

The planet with a system of well-developed rings encircling it is:

[A]. Jupiter
[B]. Venus
[C]. Saturn
[D]. Neptune

The two pointer stars the line passing through which points to the direction of pole star are a part of the constellation called:

[A]. Ursa Major
[B]. Orion
[C]. Cassiopeia
[D]. Leo Major


The smallest planet of the solar system is:

[A]. Earth
[B]. Mars
[C]. Mercury
[D]. Saturn

Which of the following planets show phases like the moon?

[A]. Venus and Mercury
[B]. Mercury and Jupiter
[C]. Venus and Jupiter
[D]. Jupiter and Mars

Which of the following constellations are visible in the summer season?

[A]. Cassiopeia and Orion
[B]. Orion and Leo Major
[C]. Cassiopeia and Leo Major
[D]. Leo Major and Big Bear

The agency responsible for the development of “Space Science Programmes” in India is:

[B]. ORS
[C]. IRS

In a quiz competition, you are asked a question where you have to choose the statement which is/ are incorrect?

[A]. The artificial satellites carry a large variety of equipment and instruments inside them.
[B]. Electricity required for running the equipment in an artificial satellite is provided by solar cells.
[C]. The technique of collecting information about an object from a distance is called “Remote Sensing”
[D]. All the above.

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