NCERT Solutions for Class 2 EVS Chapter 8 Festivals We Celebrate in English Medium updated for State board and CBSE session 2022-23. Get here assignments and worksheets of Grade 2 Environmental Studies chapter 8 with solutions and explanation.

Indian Festivals

Festivals are celebrated by everyone. Festivals are moments filled with joy and happiness. We have great fun during the festivals. We dress up in new clothes and enjoy different food. We greet each other.

Diwali:
It is very important festival of Hindus. It is also known as the festival of lights. It is celebrated to rejoice Ram’s return to Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. People decorate their house with diyas and candles. On this day Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped by peoples. People distribute sweets and gifts, wear new clothes and light crackers.

Class 2 EVS Chapter 8 MCQ

Q1

Sisters tie rakhi on the

[A]. Arm
[B]. Finger
[C]. Elbow
[D]. Wrist
Q2

The Prime Minister hoisted national flag at Red Fort on

[A]. Gandhi Jayanti
[B]. Holi
[C]. Independence Day
[D]. Diwali
Q3

Diwali is an important festival of

[A]. Hindus
[B]. Muslims
[C]. Sikhs
[D]. Christians
Q4

Holi is a festival of

[A]. Kites
[B]. Candles
[C]. Colours
[D]. Rakhi

Eid:
It is an important Muslim festival. Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Zuha are the two main Ids. People break their 30 days fast, known as Ramzan, when the new moon is sighted. They offer their prayers at the mosque. A sweet dish called sewaiyan is made. People greet each other with “Eid Mubarak.”

Gurpurab:
It is an important festival of Sikhs. It marks the birthdays of the ten Sikh gurus. Sikhs offers prayers in Gurudwaras for peace. They also read Guru Granth Sahib. Processions are taken out and food is distributed among people.

Tick the right answer
    1. Crackers are burnt on Diwali/Holi.
    2. Parade is organised every year on Gurpurab/Republic Day.
    3. Christmas tree is decorated on Eid/Christmas.
    4. People plays with colours on Dussehra/Holi.
    5. Mosque is a place where Hindus/Muslims go to pray.

Answers:

    1. Diwali
    2. Republic Day
    3. Christmas
    4. Holi
    5. Muslims

Christmas:
It is an important Christian festival. It is celebrated on the 25th of December, the birthday of Jesus Christ. Christians go to church to pray. Churches are decorated beautifully. They decorate the Christmas tree also. Children wait for Santa Claus to bring them gifts on the eve of Christmas.

Dussehra:
It reminds us victory of good over evil. It is also called Vijayadashami. It is celebrated for ten days. Fairs are organized. The effigies (putla) of Ravana, Meghnada and Kumbhakarana are burnt on the tenth day.

Fill in the blanks
    1. Sisters tie rakhi on the wrists of their _________.
    2. Sewaiyan are cooked on the festival of _________.
    3. Processions are taken out on _________.
    4. People play with gulaal on _________.
    5. _________ is celebrated on the 26th of January.

Answers:

    1. Brothers
    2. Eid
    3. Gurpurab
    4. Holi
    5. Republic Day

Holi:
It is a festival of colors. Everyone enjoys playing with different types of coloured water and gulaal. Everyone singing and dancing with their family and friends. Gujiya and many types of sweet dish that is prepared especially on the occasion of Holi.

Raksha Bandhan:
It is a festival of love and care between brothers and sisters. The sister ties a rakhi on the wrist of her brother. The brother pledges to defend his sister and gives a gift to his sister.

National Festivals

Independence Day
We celebrate our Independence Day on every year. 15th August This day represents India’s freedom from the British rule. Our Prime Minister hoists the National Flag tiranga at Red Fort, Delhi. It is also celebrated in schools. All sing National Anthem and patriotic songs. Children fly kites and lamp on this day and enjoy.

Republic Day
We celebrate our Republic Day on every year. 26th January Our Constitution came into force on this day. A colorful parade is organized from the Rashtrapati Bhawan to the Red Fort in New Delhi. The president of India takes the salute of this parade with pride. Many school children also participate in it.

Gandhi Jayanti
We celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October It is birthday of our great leader Mahatma Gandhi the ‘Father of the Nation’. He played a major role in gaining independence for India. He taught us the path of ahinsa (non-violence). The prayer meeting is organized at his Samadhi of mahatma Gandhi (at Rajghat), New Delhi.

NCERT Solutions for Class 2 EVS Chapter 8
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