NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 10 Law and Social Justice (अध्याय 10: कानून और सामाजिक न्याय) (Unit 5 of Social and Political Life – III) to Study online free based on NCERT Books for 2019-20 and updated form of NCERT Solutions for all subjects.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 10
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Law and Social Justice: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 10 Law and Social Justice Solutions
Important Questions on 8 Civics Chapter 10
What is Child Labour Prevention Act?
According to the 2001 census, over 12 million children in India aged between 5 and 14 work in various occupations including hazardous ones. In October 2006, the government amended the Child Labour Prevention Act, banning children under 14 years of age from working as domestic servants or as workers in dhabas, restaurants, tea shops etc.
Why are most of the workers unsafe?
One worker can easily replace another. Since there is so much unemployment, there are many workers who are willing to work in unsafe conditions in return for a wage. Making use of the workers’ vulnerability, employers ignore safety in workplaces. Thus, even so many years after the Bhopal gas tragedy, there are regular reports of accidents in construction sites, mines or factories due to the callous attitude of the employers.
Why do people pollute our resources?
In 1984, there were very few laws protecting the environment in India, and the there was hardly any enforcement of these laws. The environment was treated as a ‘free’ entity and any industry could pollute the air and water without any restrictions. Whether it was our rivers, air and groundwater – the environment was being polluted and the health of people disregarded.
What is Worker’s unions?
An association of workers. Workers’ unions are common in factories and offices, but might be also found among other types of workers, say domestic workers’ unions. The leaders of the union bargain and negotiate with the employer on behalf of its members. The issues include wages, work rules, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits and workplace safety.