NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities (अध्याय 9: जनसुविधाएँ) (Unit 5 of Social and Political Life – III) to Study online free with latest NCERT Books and NCERT Solutions based on these books for 2019-20.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9
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Public Facilities: Question Answers
8 Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities Solutions
Important Questions on 8 Civics Chapter 9
Water as Part of the Fundamental Right to Life
The Constitution of India recognises the right to water as being a part of the Right to Life under Article 21. This means that it is the right of every person, whether rich or poor, to have sufficient amounts of water to fulfil his/her daily needs at a price that he/she can afford. In other words, there should be universal access to water.
Water is essential for life and for good health. Not only is it necessary for us to be able to meet our daily needs but safe drinking water can prevent many water-related diseases. India has one of the largest number of cases of diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera. Over 1,600 Indians, most of them children below the age of five, reportedly die every day because of water-related diseases. These deaths can be prevented if people have access to safe drinking water.
What are Public Facilities?
Like water, there are other essential facilities that need to be provided for everyone. Last year you read about two other such facilities: healthcare and sanitation. Similarly, there are things like electricity, public transport, schools and colleges that are also necessary. These are known as public facilities.
What are the Government’s Role in providing Public Facilities?
Public facilities are so important, someone must carry the responsibility of providing these to the people. This ‘someone’ is the government. One of the most important functions of the government is to ensure that these public facilities are made available to everyone.
What are the water problems facing in urban area?
The shortage in municipal water is increasingly being filled by an expansion of private companies who are selling water for profit. Also common are the great inequalities in water use. The supply of water per person in an urban area in India should be about 135 litres per day (about seven buckets) – a standard set by the Urban Water Commission. Whereas people in slums have to make do with less than 20 litres a day per person (one bucket), people living in luxury hotels may consume as much as 1,600 litres (80 buckets) of water per day.