NCERT Solutions for class 8 Social Science – History (Our Pasts – III), Geography (Resources and Development) and Civics (Social and Political Life – III) is given below to use online or download in PDF form free. Download the NCERT Solutions of other subjects also.
NCERT Solutions for class 8 Social Science
8 History Solutions
NCERT Solutions for class 8 Social Science – History (Our Pasts – III), all the chapters are given below to download or view online.
8 – Geography Solutions
NCERT Solutions for class 8 Social Science – Geography (Resources and Development) is given below to download in PDF form or study online based on latest NCERT Books.
8 – Civics Solutions
NCERT Solutions for class 8 Social Science – Civics (Social and Political Life – III) Unit -1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are given below.
Civics (Social and Political Life – III)
- Unit One: The Indian Constitution and Secularism
- Unit Two: Parliament and the Making of Laws
- Unit Three: The Judiciary
- Unit Four: Social Justice and the Marginalised
- Unit Five: Economic Presence of the Government
8 Social Science solutions in English Medium is available to download. Hindi Medium solutions will be uploaded very soon for the new academic session 2019-20.
Why did the British preserve official documents?
Official records of the British administration serve as important source of history of this period. The British rulers believed that every instruction, plan, policy, decision, agreement, investigation should be clearly written up. This was necessary for proper study and debate about an issue. Hence, they carefully preserved all official records and created several archives for the purpose.
What attracted European trading companies to India?
Indian cotton and silk was in great demand in Europe. Indian spices were also in great demand. Goods could be bought at cheaper rates from India and could be sold at higher rates in Europe. This prospect attracted the European trading companies to India.
Describe the main features of the Permanent Settlement.
According to the Permanent, the rajas and taluqdars were recognized as zamindars and were given the responsibility of revenue collection from the peasants. The amount to be paid was fixed permanently and hence the name Permanent Settlement.
What problems did shifting cultivators face under British rule?
The shifting cultivators were forced to take up settled cultivation. But type of land and shortage of water meant they could not produce enough. Many of them had to move on to other areas in search of work when access to the forest was restricted.
What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use?
It was rumored that the new cartridges were coated with the fat of cows and pigs. This hurt the sentiments of both the Hindus and the Muslims.
Why did the British choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital?
After the 1857 revolt, the British understood the symbolic importance of Delhi for the Indians. Hence, they choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital.
What is bandanna?
A printed scarf for neck or head is called bandanna.
Why did James Mill and Thomas Macaulay think that European education was essential in India?
They thought that education should be useful and practical. They felt that Indians should be made familiar with the advances being made by the West. They thought that the Indians were uncivilized and needed to be civilized. This could be done only through English education.
How did Jyotirao the reformers justify their criticism of caste inequality in society?
He attacked the Brahmans’ claim to superiority. He argued that the Aryans were foreigners who subjugated the true children of the country. He said that the upper caste had no right to land and power and the land belonged to the low caste people who were the original inhabitants of the land in the peninsula. Many other social reformers used the same logic to promote caste equality.
Why did the scroll painters and potters come to Kalighat? Why did they begin to paint new themes?
The city of Calcutta was emerging as an administrative and commercial centre. It promised opportunities and bright future. The scroll painters and potters came to Kalighat in the hope of finding new patrons and buyers. They closely observed the changes in the society around them and began to paint new themes.
Why did Gandhiji choose to break the salt law?
Mahatma Gandhi and other nationalist leaders argued that salt was an essential item of our food and hence it was wrong to impose a tax on salt. Moreover, the issue of salt affected all; the rich and poor; alike. Hence, Gandhiji choose to break the salt law.
What did Dr Ambedkar mean when he said that “In politics we will have equality, and in social and economic life we will have inequality”?
By political equality, Dr. Ambedkar meant the universal adult franchise which gave equal rights to all citizens. By socioeconomic inequality, he meant the income disparities among people.