NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food in English Medium or भोजन के घटक in हिंदी मीडियम in PDF Format free to use online or download updated for new academic session 2020-2021.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2

Class:6
Subject:Science – विज्ञान
Chapter 2:Components of Food

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Answers



Questions for Practice

1. Given below are the steps to test the presence of proteins in a food item:
(i) Take a small quantity of the food item in a test tube, add 10 drops of water to it and shake it.
(ii) Make a paste or powder of food to be tested.
(iii) Add 10 drops of caustic soda solution to the test tube and shake well.
(iv) Add 2 drops of copper sulphate solution to it.
Which of the following is the correct sequence of the steps?
(a) i, ii, iv, iii (b) ii, i, iv, iii (c) ii, i, iii, iv (d) iv, ii, i, iii
Answer: (b) ii, i, iv, iii
2. Which one of the following food item does not provide dietary fibre?
(a) Whole grains (b) Whole pulses (c) Fruits and vegetables (d) Milk
Answer: (d) Milk
3. Which of the following nutrients is not present in milk?
(a) Protein (b) Vitamin C (d) Calcium (d) Vitamin D
Answer: (b) Vitamin C
Read the following statements about diseases.
(i) They are caused by germs.
(ii) They are caused due to lack of nutrients in our diet.
(iii) They can be passed on to another person through contact.
(iv) They can be prevented by taking a balanced diet.
4. Which pair of statements best describe a deficiency disease?
(a) (i) and (ii) (b) (ii) and (iii) (c) (ii) and (iv) (d) (i) and (iii)
Answer: (c) (ii) and (iv)




Fill in the blanks

1. Fill in the blanks from the list of words given below:
(carbohydrate, fat, protein, starch, sugar, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, roughage, balanced diet, obesity, goitre)
(a) Egg yolk is rich in ____________ and egg albumin is rich in __________.
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by taking a ___________.
(c) Eating too much of fat rich foods may lead to a condition called ____________.
(d) The component of food that does not provide any nutrient to our body and yet is essential in our food is ___________.
Answer: (a) fat, protein; (b) balanced diet; (c) obesity; (d) roughage

2. While using iodine in the laboratory, some drops of iodine fell on Paheli’s socks and some fell on her teacher’s saree. The drops of iodine on the saree turned blue black while their colour did not change on the socks. What can be the possible reason?
Answer: The saree of Paheli’s teacher might have been starched, and starch turns blue black with iodine solution. Paheli’s socks did not have starch on it thereby showing no change.



Important Questions on Class 6 Science Chapter 2

हमारे भोजन के मुख्य पोषक तत्वों के नाम लिखिए।
हमारे भोजन में मुख्य पोषक तत्व कार्बोहाइड्रेट, प्रोटीन, वसा, विटामिन और खनिज होते हैं। इसके अलावा, भोजन में आहारी रेशों और पानी की आवश्यकता भी हमारे शरीर को होती है।
Name the following: The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body – Carbohydrates and Fats
Name the following: The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body – Proteins
निम्नलिखित के नाम लिखिए: वह विटामिन जो हमारी अच्छी दृष्टि के लिए आवश्यक है।
वह विटामिन जो हमारी अच्छी दृष्टि के लिए आवश्यक है। – विटामिन A
निम्नलिखित के नाम लिखिए: वह खनिज जो अस्थियों के लिए आवश्यक है।
वह खनिज जो अस्थियों के लिए आवश्यक है। – कैल्शियम
Name two foods each rich in: (a) Fats (b) Starch (c) Dietary fibre (d) Protein
(a) Fats : Ghee, Butter, Milk, Egg etc.
(b) Starch : Potatoes, Sugar, Rice etc.
(c) Dietary fibre : Vegetables, Fresh fruits etc.
(d) Protein : Milk, Beans, Egg, Cheese etc.
Fill in the blank: ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
Fill in the blank: Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beriberi.
Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beriberi.
रिक्त स्थान की पूर्ति कीजिए: विटामिन C के अभाव से ______________ नामक रोग होता है।
विटामिन C के अभाव से स्कर्वी नामक रोग होता है।
रिक्त स्थान की पूर्ति कीजिए: हमारे भोजन में ____________ के अभाव से रतौंधी होती है।
हमारे भोजन में विटामिन A के अभाव से रतौंधी होती है।

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 in English Medium
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 in Hindi Medium
6 Science chapter 2 answers