Class 7 Science Chapter 16 MCQ

Class 7 Science Chapter 16 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Water: A Precious Resource with answers and explanation of each question updated for academic session 2021-2022. All the questions are useful for school test, terminal test, or final exams.

Class 7 Science chapter 16 MCQ contains the questions covering all the topics of NCERT textbook. These MCQ Online test is helpful to revise the complete chapter in the format of tests.

Class 7 Science Chapter 16 MCQ for 2021-2022

Class: 7Science
Chapter: 16Water: A Precious Resource
Contents: MCQ Online Test with Answers and Explanation

MCQ Tests with Answers for Class 7 Science Chapter 16


Which of the following does not show water shortage?

[A]. Taps running dry
[B]. Long queues for getting water
[C]. Marches and protects for demand of water
[D]. A family gets three buckets of water per person per day

Which of the following statement is or are correct?

[A]. Water is essential for the existence of life.
[B]. Without water, there would be no living things on the earth.
[C]. Actually about 71% of the earth’s surface is covered with water.
[D]. All the above

Seas and oceans are full of water on earth. However, a very small percentage of water present on earth is available for us. This percentage is roughly:

[A]. 0.006%
[B]. 0.06%
[C]. 0.6%
[D]. 6%

Which of the following are not the liquid forms of water? Choose the correct combinations:

[A]. Snow, water vapor, ice
[B]. Snow and lake water
[C]. Lake water and river water
[D]. Water vapor

Sanjeev is doing his homework which is given by his teacher. Would you help him to choose the incorrect sentences?

[A]. Condensation of water vapor forms clouds.
[B]. The trees and plants put some of this water into air as water vapor by the process of transpiration.
[C]. The process of seeping of water into the ground is called infiltration.
[D]. None of the above


Some of the causes for the shortage of water are:

[A]. Day by day increasing population
[B]. Growing irrigation requirement of agriculture
[C]. Rapid growth of industries
[D]. All the above

On which of the following day is “World Water Day” observed?

[A]. 22 March
[B]. 14 November
[C]. 2 October
[D]. 21 December

Recently, in a science class test, you are asked a question where you have to say whether the statements are correct or not?

[A]. A rock which allows water to pass through it is called a permeable rock.
[B]. Rock which does not allow water to pass through it is called an impermeable rock.
[C]. Upper level of water under the ground which occupies all the spaces in the soil and rocks, is called water table.
[D]. All the above

The amount of water recommended by the United Nations for drinking, washing, cooking and maintaining proper hygiene per person per day.

[A]. 5 L
[B]. 15 L
[C]. 30 L
[D]. 50 L

Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. The water table varies from place to place and it may even change at a given place.
[B]. The water table rises and falls depending upon the amount of rainwater which seeps into the ground, and on how much ground water is drawn out.
[C]. The village children cannot attend their school regularly because they spend hours in fetching water.
[D]. None of the above


“Every Drop Counts” is a slogan related to:

[A]. Counting of drops of any liquid
[B]. Counting of water drops
[C]. Importance of water
[D]. Importance of counting

Read the following sentences carefully, and choose the correct one:

[A]. The main source of groundwater is the rain.
[B]. The water found below the water table is called groundwater.
[C]. The underground layer of soil and permeable rocks in which water collects under the ground is called an aquifer.
[D]. All the above

Water cycle does not involve which of the following?

[A]. Evaporation
[B]. Condensation
[C]. Formation of clouds
[D]. Rainwater harvesting

Which of the following inhibits the seepage of rainwater into ground?

[A]. A pukka floor
[B]. Playground
[C]. Grass lawn
[D]. Forest land

Priyam appeared in class test but he confused to know the incorrect statement. Would you help him to know that?

[A]. Snow and ice both are solid form of water.
[B]. Year 2003 was observed as the International year of freshwater.
[C]. Rapid growth of industries is one of the causes for water shortage.
[D]. The process of seeping of water into ground is called filtration.


Which of the following is not an effect of acute scarcity of water on plants?

[A]. Shortage of food
[B]. Shortage of oxygen
[C]. Shortage of carbon dioxide
[D]. Shortage of rainfall

The water bearing layer of the earth is called:

[A]. Conifer
[B]. Hydrosphere
[C]. Aquifer
[D]. Water table

Water which falls from the clouds as rain or snow is called:

[A]. Condensation
[B]. Precipitation
[C]. Infiltration
[D]. Transpiration

Which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. A huge amount of water is required for the construction work.
[B]. The increasing population needs more and more water for its day-to-day activities.
[C]. At the time of scanty rainfall much more ground water is drawn out by the people for various purposes.
[D]. If there are less number of trees and plants in the forest, more rain water will seep into the ground.

What percentage of the earth’s surface is covered with water?

[A]. About 51 percent
[B]. About 21 percent
[C]. About 71 percent
[D]. About 81 percent


Some of the factors which affect the water table at a place and make it go down are:

[A]. Increase in population
[B]. Industrial and agriculture activities
[C]. Decreases in the effective area for seepage of rainwater.
[D]. All the above

In the last year board examination, Ankush were asked a question where he had to choose the statement which was/were correct? Reason for depletion of water table are:

[A]. Due to increasing population we are consuming more groundwater but we are allowing less rainwater to seep into the ground.
[B]. In the times of erratic rainfall or scanty rainfall, the farmers have to use groundwater for the irrigation of their crops.
[C]. As the population is increasing the demand for various industrial goods is increasing and the number of industries is also increasing.
[D]. All the above

It may be possible that we are living in an area where there is sufficient rainfall and yet there is shortage of water, because of:

[A]. Mismanagement of rainwater.
[B]. Mismanagement of water at the individual level.
[C]. Mismanagement of water-by-water supply department.
[D]. All the above

What role you can play to minimize wastage of water:

[A]. Get the leaking taps repaired immediately because these taps waste a lot of water.
[B]. Take bath by filling water in a bucket and not directly under the flowing tap.
[C]. Use the water from washing rice, vegetables or fruits for watering the plants at home.
[D]. All the above

In a science quiz competition, Latika are asked a question where she had to choose the statement which was/were incorrect?

[A]. A place called Bhujpur in the Kutch area of Gujarat state has a very erratic rainfall.
[B]. In 1989, the village people along with a Non-Government Organization (NGO) decided to harvest rainwater.
[C]. Rajasthan is hot and dry place which gets a meagre rainfall.
[D]. The scarcity of water will not affect the nutrient, uptake by the plants and the process of food making photosynthesis in plants.

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