Class 7 Science Chapter 16 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) of Water: A Precious Resource with answers and explanation of each question updated for academic session 2023-2024. All the questions are useful for school test, terminal test, or final exams. Class 7 Science chapter 16 MCQ contains the questions covering all the topics of NCERT textbook. These MCQ Online test is helpful to revise the complete chapter in the format of tests.

Class 7 Science Chapter 16 MCQ for 2023-2024

Class: 7Science
Chapter: 16Water: A Precious Resource
Contents: MCQ Online Test with Answers and Explanation

MCQ Tests with Answers for Class 7 Science Chapter 16


Seas and oceans are full of water on earth. However, a very small percentage of water present on earth is available for us. This percentage is roughly:

[A]. 0.006%
[B]. 0.06%
[C]. 0.6%
[D]. 6%

Which of the following are not the liquid forms of water? Choose the correct combinations:

[A]. Snow, water vapor, ice
[B]. Snow and lake water
[C]. Lake water and river water
[D]. Water vapor

Read the following sentences carefully, and choose the correct one:

[A]. The highly salty sea water can be made fit for human use but it is very, very expensive to do so.
[B]. For millions of years of fresh water supply on land has been maintained by the water cycle.
[C]. The trees and plants suck ground water through their roots.
[D]. All the above

A man digging the ground near a water body found that the soil was moist. As he kept digging deeper and deeper he reached a level, where all the spaces between particles of soil and gaps between rocks where filled with water. The upper limit of this layer is called:

[A]. Water level
[B]. Water table
[C]. Ground water
[D]. Water limit

Sanjeev is doing his homework which is given by his teacher. Would you help him to choose the incorrect sentences?

[A]. Condensation of water vapor forms clouds.
[B]. The trees and plants put some of this water into air as water vapor by the process of transpiration.
[C]. The process of seeping of water into the ground is called infiltration.
[D]. None of the above

Kriti is completed her science chapter where she wrote some statements. She wants to know whether the statements are correct or not? Kriti wants to take help from you:

[A]. Water is present in liquid form in ocean, river, lakes, ponds and under the ground.
[B]. Water is present in gas form as water vapor in the air or atmosphere around us.
[C]. Water is present in solid form on snow covered mountains, glaciers and as ice caps on the poles of the earth.
[D]. All the above

Some of the causes for the shortage of water are:

[A]. Day by day increasing population
[B]. Growing irrigation requirement of agriculture
[C]. Rapid growth of industries
[D]. All the above

On which of the following day is “World Water Day” observed?

[A]. 22 March
[B]. 14 November
[C]. 2 October
[D]. 21 December

The amount of water recommended by the United Nations for drinking, washing, cooking and maintaining proper hygiene per person per day.

[A]. 5 L
[B]. 15 L
[C]. 30 L
[D]. 50 L

Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. The water table varies from place to place and it may even change at a given place.
[B]. The water table rises and falls depending upon the amount of rainwater which seeps into the ground, and on how much ground water is drawn out.
[C]. The village children cannot attend their school regularly because they spend hours in fetching water.
[D]. None of the above

“Every Drop Counts” is a slogan related to:

[A]. Counting of drops of any liquid
[B]. Counting of water drops
[C]. Importance of water
[D]. Importance of counting

In a quiz competition, you are asked a question where you have to choose the statement which is/ are incorrect?

[A]. Depletion means reduction or lowering the amount of something.
[B]. We draw groundwater for our use with the help of wells, tube wells, and hand pumps.
[C]. When it rains, the rain water seeps into the ground and the groundwater is recharged.
[D]. None of the above

Which of the following inhibits the seepage of rainwater into ground?

[A]. A pukka floor
[B]. Playground
[C]. Grass lawn
[D]. Forest land

Which of the following is not responsible for water shortage?

[A]. Rapid growth of industries
[B]. Increasing population
[C]. Heavy rainfall
[D]. Mismanagement of water resources

Read the following sentences carefully, and choose the incorrect one:

[A]. Water vapor is the gaseous form of water.
[B]. Ice is solid, whereas snow is the semi solid form of water.
[C]. Ocean water cannot be used for domestic purposes.
[D]. Rapid growth of industries is one of the causes for water shortage or depletion.

The water bearing layer of the earth is called:

[A]. Conifer
[B]. Hydrosphere
[C]. Aquifer
[D]. Water table

Which of the following process will be affected due to water scarcity on plants?

[A]. Evaporation and photosynthesis
[B]. Photosynthesis and respiration
[C]. Evaporation and respiration
[D]. Photosynthesis and transpiration

Water which falls from the clouds as rain or snow is called:

[A]. Condensation
[B]. Precipitation
[C]. Infiltration
[D]. Transpiration

In a science quiz competition, Shalu are asked a question where she had to choose the statement which was/were correct?

[A]. The main source of groundwater is the rain.
[B]. The water found below the water table is called groundwater.
[C]. The underground layer of soil and permeable rocks in which water collects under the ground is called an aquifer.
[D]. All the above

Which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. A huge amount of water is required for the construction work.
[B]. The increasing population needs more and more water for its day-to-day activities.
[C]. At the time of scanty rainfall much more ground water is drawn out by the people for various purposes.
[D]. If there are less number of trees and plants in the forest, more rain water will seep into the ground.

Some of the factors which affect the water table at a place and make it go down are:

[A]. Increase in population
[B]. Industrial and agriculture activities
[C]. Decreases in the effective area for seepage of rainwater.
[D]. All the above

In the last year board examination, Ankush were asked a question where he had to choose the statement which was/were correct? Reason for depletion of water table are:

[A]. Due to increasing population we are consuming more groundwater but we are allowing less rainwater to seep into the ground.
[B]. In the times of erratic rainfall or scanty rainfall, the farmers have to use groundwater for the irrigation of their crops.
[C]. As the population is increasing the demand for various industrial goods is increasing and the number of industries is also increasing.
[D]. All the above

Which of the following statement is or are incorrect?

[A]. One way of increasing the availability of water to overcome its shortage is rainwater harvesting.
[B]. Drip irrigation is a system of narrow pipes with small holes which deliver water directly at the base of the plants.
[C]. In ancient times, “Big boros” were mainly set up in cities and big towns for collecting water during drought periods
[D]. None of the above

Some of the effects of scarcity of water on plants are:

[A]. Shortage of food
[B]. Shortage of oxygen for breathing
[C]. Lesser rainfall
[D]. All the above

In a science quiz competition, Latika are asked a question where she had to choose the statement which was/were incorrect?

[A]. A place called Bhujpur in the Kutch area of Gujarat state has a very erratic rainfall.
[B]. In 1989, the village people along with a Non-Government Organization (NGO) decided to harvest rainwater.
[C]. Rajasthan is hot and dry place which gets a meagre rainfall.
[D]. The scarcity of water will not affect the nutrient, uptake by the plants and the process of food making photosynthesis in plants.

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Last Edited: January 27, 2022