# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.2 (Ex. 14.2) Factorisation in PDF file format free to use online or download for CBSE Examination 2021-2022. Students can use entire solutions without any login or registration.

Exercise 14.2 of class 8th mathematics contains the questions based on identities. The use of these identities is also helpful in further classes. Take help from videos, if face problem to understand through PDF.

## Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.2 Solution

 Class: 8 Mathematics Chapter: 14 Factorisation Exercise: 14.2 Hindi and English Medium Solutions

### Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.2 Solution in Videos

Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.2 Solution
Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.2 Explanation

#### Factorisation When a Binomial is Common

##### Method of Factorisation

Step-1: Find the common binomial.
Step-2: Write the given expression as the product of this binomial and the quotient obtained on dividing the given expression by this binomial.

##### Factorise: (i) 5a (2x 3y) + 2b (2x 3y), (ii) 8 (4x + 5y) – 12 (4x + 5y)

we have:
(i) 5a (2x 3y) + 2b (2x 3y) = (2x 3y) (5a + 2b).
(ii) 8x (4x + 5y) – 12 (4x + 5y) = 4 (4x + 5y) {2(4x + 5y) – 3} = 4(4x + 5y) (8x + 10y – 3).

##### Factorisation by Grouping

Something the terms of the given expression need to be arranged in suitable groups in such a way that all the groups have a common factor. After this arrangement factorisation becomes easy.

##### Method for Group Factorisation

Step-1: Arrange the terms of the given expression in groups in such a way that all the groups have a common factor.
Step-2: Factorise each group.
Step-3: Take out the factor which is common to all such groups.

##### Factorise: (i) a² + bc + ab + ac, (ii) ax² + by² + bx² + ay²

By suitably rearranging the terms, we have:
(i) a + bc + ab + ac = a + ab + ac + bc
= a(a + b) + c (a + b)
= (a + b) (a + c)
(ii) ax² + by² + bx² + ay² = ax² + ay² + bx² + by²
= a(x² + y²) + b(x² + y²)
= (x² + y²) (a + b)

##### What are Binomials in math?

In algebra, a binomial is a polynomial that is the sum of two terms, each of which is a monomial. It is the simplest kind of polynomial after the monomials.

##### What is the importance of factoring polynomials in our daily life?

The purpose of factoring such functions is to then be able to solve equations of polynomials. For example, the solution to x^2 + 5x + 4 = 0 are the roots of x^2 + 5x + 4, namely, -1 and -4. Being able to find the roots of such polynomials is basic to solving problems in science classes in the following 2 to 3 years.

##### How do you do common factorization?

To factorise an algebraic expression, take out the highest common factor and place it in front of the brackets. Then the expression inside the brackets is obtained by dividing each term by the highest common factor.        