Class 3 English Grammar Chapter 16 Adjective

Class 3 English Grammar Chapter 16 Adjective and its uses in simple sentences. Examples for term 1 and term 2 exams practices are given here in an updated format. Questions for practice are given at the end of the chapter in the format of exercises.

After completing the chapter, students must do the questions given in the exercise. In this way, they can evaluate what they have learned.

Class 3 English Grammar Chapter 16 Adjective

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Adjectives

An adjective is a describing word. It describes a noun or pronoun.
Examples:

    • 1. The Titanic was a huge ship.
    • 2. Our classroom is very big.
    • 3. Her eyes are blue.

In the above sentences words ‘huge’, ‘big’ and ‘blue’ describe the nouns ‘the Titanic’, ‘classroom’ and ‘eyes’. So they are adjectives.

Degree of Comparison

There are three degrees of comparison of adjectives. They are:
1. Positive Degree.
2. Comparative Degree and
3. Superlative Degree.



Examples:
1. Radha’s voice is sweet.
2. Sneha’s voice is sweeter than Radha’s.
3. Rekha’s voice is the sweetest among all the girls.

In sentence–1, sweet is the adjective in its simple form. Hence it is said to be positive degree.
In sentence–2, sweeter is the adjective denoting a higher degree of the quality than the positive. Hence it is said to be in the comparative degree.
In sentence–3, sweetest is the adjective denoting the highest degree of the quality. Hence it is said to be in the superlative degree.

Some more examples about degrees:
Positive degree Comparative Degree Superlative degree
Water is cold. Pepsi is colder. Ice-cream is coldest.
Rajiv is tall. Raju is taller. Sumit is tallest.
Cake is sweet. Ice-cream is sweeter. Rasgulla is sweetest
Wood is hard. Iron is harder. Diamond is hardest.
Reena is fat. Pooja is fatter. Kavita is fattest.
Formation of Comparative and Superlative:
Most adjectives form the Comparative by adding ‘er’ and the Superlative by adding ‘est’ to the positive.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Great greater greatest
High higher highest
Small smaller smallest
Long longer longest
Bold bolder boldest
Fast faster fastest
Strong stronger strongest
When the positive ends in ‘e’, only ‘r’ is added to the Comparative and ‘st’ to the Superlative:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Wise wiser wisest
Able abler ablest
Brave braver bravest
Large larger largest
Simple simpler simplest
Noble nobler noblest
Select the correct word given in the brackets.

1. Elephant is ______ than lion. (big/bigger/biggest)
2. Roshni is ______ a girl. (clever/cleverer/cleverest)
3. The Ganga is _______ than Yamuna. (long/longer/longest)
4. Rajesh is the boy in the _____ class. (strong/stronger/strongest)
5. Mount Everest is the peak in _____ the world. (high/higher/highest)

Answers:

    1. bigger
    2. clever
    3. longer
    4. strongest
    5. heighest
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