NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 19

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Abdul in the Garden updated for CBSE session 2021-2022 first term and second term examination. All the NCERT Questions with extra important questions answers are given here with a simple explanation to help the student clear their doubts.

Practice here to prepare for unit tests or terminal exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 19

Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Question Answers Set 1

The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?

The roots of the grass are firmly holding the soil, there is no root in the stick. So, it is difficult to pull out small grass.

Do all plants have roots?

Yes, all the plants have roots.

Look at some plants and trees around you. Imagine how deep and spread out the roots of these are?

when we saw around us there are different type and size of plants some are and some are large, Small plants have roots in the ground from two inches to 10 inches deep, while a tree has 5 to 10 feet deep roots in the ground. Roots of some plants go as deep as 60 feet into the ground.

After three days, Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up? Why?

The leaves of the broken part of the pea plant dried. Because broken part of the plant could not get water and mineral from the soil.

Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the strong wind?

Neem tree did not fall despite the strong wind, because they have strong and deep roots.

On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing, the dropping leaves become fresh again. How?

When we put water in soil the roots of the plants suck the water from the soil which reaches the leaves.

Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Question Answers Set 2

What do you feel, do all plants need water?

Yes, all plants need water.

Which of the plants around you need regular watering?

Flower and vegetable plants need regular watering.

What will happen, if nobody gives water to these plants?

If there is no watering, plants get dried up and after some time they died.

Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree. “Where did it get its water from?” he thought. Which of the plants around you do not need watering? Where do they get water from? Make two guesses.

Neem is big tree and its roots go deep into soil. These deep roots suck water from the soil. Other such big trees like, mango, banyan, etc. do not require us to water them.

Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so?

Abdul observed that radish grew under the ground like the roots of other plants and that it had to be pulled out of the soil. This made him wonder whether radish was a root.

find out which of these vegetables are roots. Brinjal, carrot, bottle gourd, redish, cabbage, cauliflower, beat.

As mention above out of those Carrot, reddish and beat are roots.

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Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Question Answers Set 3

Would someone have uprooted such a big tree or would it have fallen on its own?

The tree seems to be very old. However, it is also possible that some very dangerous cyclone or earthquake led to this.

How old would this tree be?

This tree was 100-year-old.

Abdul on seeing a tree surrounded by cemented ground, thought that how will it get rain water?

Abdul thought there is cemented ground around a tree, that how will it get rain water? Roots of tree are deep inside the land so they can get water from soil.

Which are the oldest trees in your area? Find out from your elders how old the trees are?

In my area there are many cedar tree which are many years old. When I asked my grandfather about these trees he said even he has seen these trees same as they are today.

Name animals who live on this tree?

The animals like monkeys and many types of bird are living on these trees.

Have you ever seen any big tree that had fallen down? What did you think when you saw it?

Last month there was heavy rain and cyclone due to this some trees are fall down. As I think mostly these are old trees.

Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Question Answers Set 4

What difference did you observe in the seeds after soaking? Compare with dry seeds and write.

When the seeds are soaked, they become soft and start swelling. The soaked seeds are softer and bigger in size as compared to the dry seeds. after some time, they start growing.

What do you think would happen if the cotton wool had been left dry?

The seeds will not sprout.

In which direction did the roots grow? And the stem?

Roots grows in downward direction and stem grows upward.

How big did the plant grow in the cotton wool?

The plant that grew in the cotton wool was only a few centimetres long.

Did small plants come out from all the seeds?

No, small plants did not come out from all the seeds. Some of the seeds were not able to get enough water, air and warmth to grow into small plants. Also, some seeds were not healthy, so even after getting enough water, air and warmth, small plants did not come out of them.

What is the colour of the roots?

Generally, the colour of the roots are white or brown.

Did you see any hair on the roots?

Yes, there was hair on the roots.



Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Question Answers Set 5

Try and pull out one little plant from the cotton wool. Were you able to pull it out? Why?

Yes, I was able to pull out it but with difficulties, because roots made grip with the cotton.

Did you see how the roots grip the cotton wool? Do you think that the roots hold the soil in the same way? Also look at the plants grown by your friends.

Yes, the roots grip the soil same way.

What do you think? Which of these things listed by Arif and Roopali grow?

Arif listed things like Leaves, Munna, bud, puppy, nails, tree, and Roopali, hair, watermelon.

Why don’t you make your own list of things that grow?

Man, cat, dog, mango, monkey, camel, plants.

Has your height increased? How much taller have you grown in the last one year?

Yes, my height is growing I have grown 5 cm in last one year.

Imagine that you had never cut your nails! What happen?

When we never cut our nails. These grow regularly and after a long time they start bending and it difficult for us to perform our work comfortably.

What other part of your body (some people cut it regularly) keeps growing?

In humans up to the particular age all the part of our body growing, but some parts like nails and hairs are growing whole life.

Q1

Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden in:

[A]. Sowing the seeds ii. clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable beds. iii. Ploughing the fields iv. none of the above
Q2

Pea plant is a _________.

[A]. herb ii.creeper iii.climber iv. none of the above
Q3

It was difficult for Abdul to pull out the unwanted grass from the vegetable beds because: i. these roots are very weak ii. these roots are fibrous in nature iii. these roots spread very widely iv. None of these

[A]. Both i and iii
[B]. Both ii and iii
[C]. Both i and ii
[D]. Only iv
Q4

There is one main(Primary) root which is long & thick, and many thinner roots grow out from this main root. It is:

[A]. Tap root
[B]. Fibrous root
[C]. Hanging roots
[D]. All of these




Q5

Fibrous roots are:

[A]. roots with no main root
[B]. roots with many thin roots growing out of the main root
[C]. roots that are deep inside the soil
[D]. None of these
Q6

Which one of the vegetable is the root of plant?

[A]. Brinjal
[B]. carrot
[C]. cauliflower
[D]. Tomato
Q7

Seed Germination is the process in which:

[A]. when the seed swells up ii.when the seed breaks iii. when an embryo develops inside a seed iv. none of these
Q8

The outer covering of the seed is called:

[A]. seed leaves ii. seed coat iii. Baby plant iv. Baby shoot
Q9

Cotyledon or the seed leaves are responsible for:

[A]. protecting the seed from any injury
[B]. protecting the seed from growing
[C]. storing and providing food to the baby plant
[D]. None of the above
Q10

Embryo is that part of the plant that:

[A]. grows downwards and holds the soil
[B]. grows upwards
[C]. grows into a young plant
[D]. All of these
Q11

The baby shoot which grows upwards is also called:

[A]. radicle
[B]. seed coat
[C]. embryo
[D]. Plumule
Q12

Roots are very important as:

[A]. they hold the plant tightly in the soil
[B]. they store the food in some plants
[C]. they absorb water and minerals from the soil
[D]. All of them
Q13

Banyan tree has

[A]. Tap roots
[B]. Fibrous roots
[C]. Underground roots and Hanging roots
[D]. None of the above
Q14

The area around the roadside should not be cemented as:

[A]. water will not be able to seep into the ground
[B]. the roots will not grow deep inside
[C]. the plant will grow quickly
[D]. all of these
Q15

Why should we not cut the trees?

[A]. cutting trees is harmful for the environment
[B]. it is good for animals and birds
[C]. will help in giving us oxygen
[D]. all of these
Q16

Which trees are found in desert?

[A]. Cactus
[B]. Palm
[C]. Oak
[D]. All

Does unit 19 of 4th class EVS tell us about the importance of the trees?

Chapter 19 of 4 standard EVS tells about the nature of trees and the greenery around us. This chapter also informed us about the nutrition that a plant or the tree takes from the environment that gives them strength to withstand the strong atmospheric actions.

What is the way that chapter 19 from class 4 EVS can help the children?

The chapter tells the students how strong the trees are and how we can actually help the tree grow and care for them by understanding its needs and how to help them grow stronger.

What is the activity given in chapter 19 of 4 class EVS for the children?

There are a few of the activities to research for the children to understand the roots and growth of the trees. Growing the seeds on wet cotton and keep cleaning them so that sprouts can come up and grow. This will show you the roots and the way the trees consume. Apart from this, you can always tree to find the tree that is the tallest and the about the tree that can survive for the longest time span.