Lawn Tennis in Physical Education

Lawn Tennis has its roots in France. Later on, this game was brought to England in the 15th century. In 1877, the first of the Lawn Tennis Championship in the world was played at all England Croquet Club.

Lawn tennis was played in Olympics till 1924. It was again included in the Olympic Games in the year 1988. It was included in Asian Games in the year 1958. International Tennis Federation was formed in 1977.

Measurements and Specifications of Equipment

A. Lawn Tennis Court
Length of the court (Singles and Doubles)23.77 m (78 feet)
Breadth for Doubles10.97 m (36 feet)
Breadth for Singles8.23 m (27 feet)
Height of the posts1.07 m (3 feet 6 inches)
Diameter of the posts15 cm (6 inches)
Height of the net from ground at the Centre0.91 m (3 feet)
Width of the strap5 cm (2 inches)
Service line: distance from centre line and parallel to it Width of the service court6.40 m(21feet)
for Singles4.11 m (13 feet 6 inches)
for Doubles5.50 m (18 feet)
Width of all court service line5 cm (2 inches)
Distance of posts away from sidelines0.91 m (3 feet)
Distance between base line and service line5.44 m (18 feet)
Band covering5 to 6.3 cm
Diameter of the cord or metal0.8 cm
B. Racket
Complete length81.28 cm (32 inches)
Width of frame31.75 cm (12.5 inches)
Breadth of string29.21 cm
Length of string39.37 cm

C. Ball
Diameter of the ball6.35-6.67 cm
Weight of the ball56.7-60.24 g
Colour of the ballYellow or white

General Rules

    1. Service shall be delivered behind the base line. Then server shall project the ball by hand into air hit the ball with racket before it strikes the ground.
    2. When the score becomes 40-40 (Deuce) then the player has to score 2 continuous points, to get a point.
    3. A player serving from the wrong side of court will lose his point.
    4. If ‘Let’ is called, the service shall be replayed.
    5. After a fault service, the server shall serve again.
    6. If a player wins first 6 games, he wins the set. Each game has 15, 30, 40 and game point to score.
    7. In case of tie break, a player who first wins 7 points shall win the game by the margin of 2.
    8. In mix doubles, male partner shall serve to the male or female partner shall serve to female opponent in case of ‘Deuce’.

Different types of Lawn Tennis Games

    • 1. Single
    • 2. Double
    • 3. Mixed Doubles


Column- 1Column- 2Column- 3
AdvantageDrop VolleyMatch point
AceErrorNet ball
Back spinFootGame
ChipForehandDouble fault
ChopHalf VolleyPace
Cross CourtGround StrokeRally
Drop shotSetSet point ralley

Important Tournaments

    • 1. All England Championship (Wimbledon)
    • 2. U.S.Open
    • 3. Australian Open
    • 4. Federation Open
    • 5. Davis Cup
    • 6. Olympic Tennis Championship
    • 7. Asian Tennis Championship
    • 8. Hall Of Fame Tennis Tournament
    • 9. French Open Tennis Championship
    • 10. Japan Open
B. National Level Tournament

1. National Lawn Tennis Championship
2. All India Inter University Tennis Championship


1. Ronald Garos (France)
2. San Diego (California)
3. Wimbledon (England)
4. New York (USA)

Sports Awards

Arjun Awards
1995Mahesh Bhupathi
1996Gaurav Natekar
1997Asif Ismail
2000Akhtar Ali
2004Sania Mirza
2011Somdev Varman
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awardee

1996-97 Leander Paes

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