Judo in Physical Education

Judo originated in Japan. It is the most famous sport in Japan. Judo means ‘The gentle way’. It is a defensive, a spectator sport and also a competitive sport. It is also called modern Japanese martial art.

It came to India by Japanese travellers. Japanese used to practise Judo in a hall which was called Du. Joe.

History of Judo Sports

In Shantiniketan, the practice of Judo was a special feature. Judo Association of India was established in 1964, and first national Judo Championship was organised in 1966. India participated in Judo in the 1986 Asian Games in which India won four bronze medals.

Measurements and specifications of equipments

SpecificationsMeasurements
Name of playgroundShiajo
Shape of play fieldSquare
Each side of the platform30 feet
No. of pieces of mat covering the platform50
Size of each piece of mat3′ × ‘6
Officials (referee- 1, Judges- 2, Scorer- 1, recorder- 1)5
Time duration for bout5 minutes (men) 4 minutes (women)

Weight categories of Judo

MenWomen
56 kg and less than 56 kg 44 kg and less than 44 kg
60 kg48 kg
66 kg52 kg
73 kg57 kg
81 kg70 kg
90 kg78 kg
100 kg and more weight78 kg and more weight

General Rule

1. Time duration for judo competition (bout) is 5 minutes for men and 4 minutes for women for Olympic and world championships.
2. After progress has been made in throwing techniques a competitor can unhesitatingly take a lying position and in this way become offensive.
3. When competitor falls while adapting throwing technique or takes offensive, and the opponent falls, even then he can take a lying posture.
4. The throwing technique is valid, if the maximum body of his opponent shall remain inside the contesting area.
5. When one or both the competitors are outside the contest area, the use of any technique is reckoned a failure and shall be declared against the rules.
6. Judoco should wear formal dress (Judogi) for competition.
7. Referee may declare a losing judoco as a winner, if he finds that the opponent, Judoco has caused any injury to him/her knowingly.
8. Hitting or holding the opponent by hand is prohibited.
9. A judoco may be discarded off, if he/she does not reach at starting point after three calls made by referee.
10. A Judoco can be declared losing player if he/she is not wearing a neat and clean dress having tidy hair and does not have properly cut nails.
11. One judoco wears red belt and the other wears white belt while competing in the ring.

Terminology

Table- 1
Column-1Column- 2
AtemiStriking
DanBlack belt run
HidaviLeft
Hiki-wakeNo decision
IpponTen points
Koku3 points
ShiajoCompetition area
Table- 2
Column-1Column- 2
MutteStop
Wazu-Ori7 points
HijiElbow
HizaKnee
ShiajoCompetition area
NageThrow
TataniMat

Important Tournaments

1. World Cup
2. Federation Cup
3. All India Judo Competition
4. International Zic Zee Judo Cup Tournament
5. Asian Games
6. Olympic Games
7. Commonwealth Championships
8. Junior Asian Championships
9. Asian youth Judo Championship

Sports Awards

Arjuna Awardees
YearAwardee
1992Sandeep Bhalla
1993Cawas Billimoria
1996Poonam Chopra
1998Narender Singh
2003Akram Shah
2004Angom Anita Chanu
2007Tombi Devi
2012Yashpal Solanki