Modern Hockey originated in England. British Hockey Association was formed in 1875. England and Ireland were the first two countries that played their first hockey match in 1894. The game of Hockey was introduced first time in the Olympics in 1908. Hockey was again raised in 1920 in Olympics. Due to the increasing popularity, the International Hockey Federation was formed in 1924. So, again Hockey was included in the 1928 Olympic games held in Amsterdam. The Indian Hockey team took part in the 1928 Olympics. Women Hockey became a part of the Olympic games in the year 1980.

History of Hockey

Nothing can be said definitely about the origin of Hockey. It has been played for centuries, so nothing is sure about its origin. In Egypt, some sources have been found from a tomb (Boni Hasan tomb) showing two players, playing with thin sticks, curved at one end. This tomb is supposed to be constructed around 2050 B.C. There are records that the Persians played a stick game very similar to Hockey by sitting on horses’ backs. There were different names of Hockey.

Measurements and specifications of Equipment

Column- 1 Column- 1 Column- 1
Free hit Right back Scoop
Flick Penalty cornerAstro-turf
Tackling Dodging Bully shooting
Circle Role on Left Back, Penalty Stroke.


    • 1. World Cup
    • 2. Champion Trophy
    • 3. World Cup (Women)
    • 4. Rangaswami Cup (Women)
    • 5. Indira Gold Cup
    • 6. Alps Cup
    • 7. Federation Cup (Women)
    • 8. Asia Cup
    • 9. Olympic Games
    • 10. Dhyan Chand Trophy
    • 11. Agha Khan Cup
    • 12. Azlan Shah Cup
    • 13. Lady Ratan Tata Cup (Women)


    1. National Stadium, New Delhi
    2. Shivaji Stadium, New Delhi
    3. National Sports Institute, Patiala
    4. Sports College, Bengaluru
    5. Dhyan Chand Stadium, Lucknow
    6. Railway Stadium, Amritsar


Arjuna Awardees
Year Awardee
2007 Prabhjot Singh
2008 Ignesh Tirkey,Surinder Kaur
2009 Sandeep Singh,Jasjeet Kaur Handa
2011 Raj Pal Singh
2012 Sardar Singh,Harendra Singh
2013 Saba Anjum Karim,Narender Singh Sain
Padmashri Awardees
    1. Major Dhyan Chand
    2. K.D.Singh Babu, Balbir Singh (Senior)
    3. Charanjeet Singh
    4. Jeevan Pal Singh
    5. Dileep Tirkey
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awardees
Year Awardee
1999-2000 Dhanraj Pilley
Dronacharya Awardees
Year Awardee
2002 M.K.Kaushik
2003 Rajinder Baldev Singh
2008 Sardar Baldev Singh
2009 Ajay Bansal
2011 Rajinder Singh
2012 Harendra Singh
2013 Narender Singh Saini
Dhyan Chand Awardees
Year Awardee
2002 Dharam Singh Mann,Charles Cornelius
2003-04 Hardayal Singh
2004-05 Rajinder Singh (Junior.)
2005-06 Varinder Singh
2007 Mukhbain Singh
2012 Gundeep Kumar

Questions and Answers for Viva

What is the duration of hockey match?

The duration of match is 35-5-35 minutes.

Is there any offside rule in hockey?

No,nowadays there is no offiside rule in hockey.

What is the required height of flages of the corners?

Four feet high.

How many umpires supervise the hockey game?

Two umpires supervise the hockey game.

What is the distance of penalty stroke point from the mid of goal line?

A distance of 7 yards.

Which formation is best for playing a defensive game?

4-3-3 formation is best for playing a defensive game.

When was the first Asian Hockey Championship held?

The first Asian Hockey Championship was held in 1968.

Can a substituted player be resubstituted in the same match?

No, any substituted player cannot be resubstituted in the same match.

Can a yellow card be shown to the extra players, if they shout from outside?

Yes,the yellow card can be shown to them.

If a red card is shown to player will he be kept out for the complete match?

Yes,he will be kept out for the complete match.

Hockey as an Indian sports
How do play Hockey?
Ground measurements of Hockey?
Events of Hockey in world
Question answers on Hockey
Hockey in India
Events of Hockey in India
Tournaments of Hockey
Medals in Hockey India
Players of Hockey in India
Last Edited: January 27, 2022