Kabaddi in Physical Education

Kabaddi was included in the Indian Olympic Games at Kolkata in 1938. The Indian Kabaddi Association was constituted in 1951. Many efforts were made to introduce Kabaddi at the Olympic Games but all in vain.

In Asian countries like Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, etc. this game is trendy.

History of Kabaddi

Kabaddi is an Indian game. This game originated and developed in India. In ancient times, Kabaddi was popularly known as ‘do-do.’ In 1923, rules and regulations were framed. All India competition of Kabaddi was held at Baroda in 1923. Again the rules were revised in 1934.

Measurements and Specifications of Equipment

SpecificationsMeasurement
Dimension of the playfied of Kabaddi: a. For men or senior13 × 10 m
b. For women and juniors12 × 8 m
c. For mini or sub junior girls and boys11 × 8 m
Width of the lobby1 m
Distance of the centre line and other lines3.75 m
Width of the centre line and other lines5 cms
Size of the block for men1 × 8 m
Size of the block for women and juniors1 × 6 m
Number of players in each team12
Number of players who take part in a match7
Duration of match for menTwo durations of 20 min each
Duration of match for women and juniorsTwo durations of 15 minutes each
Period of interval5 minutes
Officials7 (Referee 1, Umpire 2, Scorer 1, keeper 1, Linesmen 2)

General Rules

1. The team that wins the toss shall have the choice of the court of the raid. In second half the
court shall be changed.
2. Opponents must have 5 players to avail the bonus points. If a player is out of court due to some technical or punishment reason he/she will be included in 5 players.
3. A raider shall speak soundly ‘kabaddi kabaddi’ in the opponent court. After this, he must return to his court immediately.
4. When entire opponent team is out and no one of the opponents is entitled to be revived, they shall score a ‘lona’ and 2 points shall be awarded.
5. Nails of the players should be properly manageable.
6. Maximum of three players can generally be substituted with the permission of referee during the game.
7. Any player can use lobby only during the struggle. If anyone uses lobby otherwise, he will be declared as ‘out’.
8. Rubbing of oil, cream, or wearing of soft material on body is not permitted.
9. It is compulsory to cross the baulk line by every raider. If a raider does not cross the baulk line he/she will be declared as ‘out’.

Terminology

Column- 1Column- 2Column-3
BaulklineMarch
lineLobbyBlock
ChaseCatcherLona
StruggleBonus PointCourt Aero
kickMule kickToe touch
Pursuit raiderAnti DodgingPenetration

Important Tournaments

1. Federation Cup
2. National Kabaddi Championship
3. Gold Cup
4. P and T Cup
5. All India Inter University Kabaddi Tournament
6. All India School’s Kabaddi Tournament

Sports Awards

Arjun Awardees
YearAwardee
2006Navneet Gautam
2008Pankaj Navnath Shrisat
2010Dinesh Kumar
2011Tejaswini Bai
2011Rakesh Kumar
2012Anup Kumar
2014Mamta Pujari
Dronacharya Awardees
YearAwardee
2002E.Prasad Rao
2005Balwan Singh
2012Sunil Dabar
2009Udai Kumar
Dhyan Chand Award

2007 Shamsher Singh

Questions and Answers for Viva

Q.1 Mention the dimensions of Kabaddi ground for men and women.

Ans. (1) Men court Length 13 breadth 10 m, (2) Women court Length 12 breadth 8 m

Q.2 How many players are there in a team?

Ans. A team comprises of 12 players including 5 substitutes.

Q.3 What is the duration of a match?

Ans. (i) Men 20-5-20 minutes, (ii) Women 15 – 5 – 15 minutes

Q.4 How many officials are required in a match?

Ans. Seven (i) Referee 1 (ii) Umpire 2 (iii) Scorer 1 (iv) Linesmen 2 (v) Timekeeper 1

Q.5. When do lobbies include in playfield?

Ans. When the struggle begins, lobbies are included in playfield.

Q.6 How many players can be substituted in case of injury?

Ans. Only five players can be substituted in case of injury.

Q.7 Can two raiders go to raid in opponents, court at the same time?

Ans. No, only one raider is allowed to raid at a time.

Q.8 In which order the players are revived?

Ans. Players are revived in the same order in which they were put out.

Q.9 After how much time, a subsequent raid must follow?

Ans. A subsequent raid must follow within five seconds of a completed raid.

Q.10 Can a player be caught by head only?

Ans. No,a player can be caught by trunk and limbs. If he is caught by head, he will not be out.