NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations intext questions given on Page 6, Page 10, Page 13 and Exercises in English and Hindi Medium free to download for session 2021-22.

Hindi Medium solutions given on Page 6 ke uttar or Page 11 ke uttar or Page 15 ke uttar and Abhyas ke prashn uttar are also free to use online or download in PDF format for the new academic session 2021-22. Download NCERT Solutions as well as NCERT Solutions Offline Apps 2021-2022 based on latest NCERT Books 2021-22 which works without internet.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1




Class: 10Science
Chapter 1:Chemical Reactions and Equations

10th Science Chapter 1 Answers in English & Hindi Medium

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations Exercises and intext questions in English and Hindi Medium updated for new academic session 2021-22 to use online or download in PDF form free. All the solutions are updated for UP Board, CBSE Board, MP Board, etc., who are use NCERT Books 2021-22 as course books and following the latest CBSE Curriculum 2021-22. Download Class 10 all Subjects Solution App free.




10 Science – Chemical Reactions and Equations – Important Questions

Question 1:
What is meant by a skeletal chemical equation? Using suitable chemical reaction, differentiate between a skeletal chemical equation and a balanced chemical equation.
Answer 1:
If the number of atoms of any element in a chemical equation is not equal on both sides, then it is a skeletal equation. For example:

Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 1

Here, the number of chlorine and hydrogen atoms are not equal on both sides.
In a Balance equation, the numbers of atoms of different elements on both sides of a chemical equation are equal. For example:




Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 2

Question 2:
Explain the following terms with examples in each case:
(i) Oxidation and (ii) Reduction.
Answer 2:
(i) Oxidation: it us a process (a) in which oxygen or any electronegative element is added up or (b) hydrogen or any electropositive element is removed. Examples are:
(a)Sulphur burns in the air with a blue flame to form sulphur dioxide. Here oxygen is added up to sulphur.

Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 8

(b) Hydrogen sulphide combines with iodine to give hydrogen iodine and sulphur.

Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 9

(ii) Reduction: It is a process in which (a) Hydrogen or an electropositive element is added up.

(b) Oxygen or electronegative element is removed.

Examples are:
(a)Hydrogen reacts with chlorine to form hydrogen chloride.

Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 10



(b)Copper oxide is reduce with hydrogen.

Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 11

Question 3:
Why is respiration considered an exothermic reaction? Explain.
Answer 3:
During digestion, food is broken down into simpler substances. Food like rice, potato and bread are made up of carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are further broken down into glucose. Glucose during respiration (inhalation of oxygen) is oxidised with the liberation of energy as shown below. Thus, respiration is an exothermic process.

Class 10 Science - Chemistry Solutions 14

Important Questions on 10th Science Chapter 1

What is a balanced chemical equation? Why should chemical equations be balanced?

A reaction which has an equal number of atoms of all the elements on both sides of the chemical equation is called a balanced chemical equation. The law of conservation of mass states that mass can neither be created nor destroyed. Hence, in a chemical reaction, the total mass of reactants should be equal to the total mass of the products. It means that the total number of atoms of each element should be equal on both sides of a chemical equation. Hence, it is for this reason that chemical equations should be balanced.

Why is respiration considered an exothermic reaction? Explain.

Energy in our body is obtained from the food we eat. During digestion, large molecules of food are broken down into simpler substances such as glucose. Glucose combines with oxygen in the cells and provides energy. The special name of this combustion reaction is respiration. Since energy is released in the whole process, it is an exothermic process.

Why are decomposition reactions called the opposite of combination reactions?

Decomposition reactions are those in which a compound breaks down into two or more substances. These reactions require a source of energy to proceed. Thus, they are the exact opposite of combination reactions in which two or more substances combine to give a new substance with the release of energy.

Why do we apply paint on iron articles?

Iron articles are painted because applying paints prevents them from rusting. When painted, the contact of iron articles from moisture and air is cut off. Hence, rusting is prevented their presence is essential for rusting to take place.

Oil and fat containing food items are flushed with nitrogen. Why?

Nitrogen is an inert gas (at room temperature) and does not easily react with oil and fat containing items. On the other hand, oxygen reacts with food substances and makes them rancid. Thus, bags used in packing food items are flushed with nitrogen gas to remove oxygen inside the pack. When oxygen is not present inside the pack, rancidity of oil and fat containing food items is avoided.

What are the main concepts to focus in chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations of class 10th Science?

Concepts that students will study in chapter 1 (Chemical Reactions and Equations) of class 10th Science are:

    • 1. Chemical Equations.
      1.1 Writing a Chemical Equation
      1.2 Balanced Chemical Equation
    • 2. Types of Chemical Reactions
      2.1 Combination Reactions
      2.2 Decomposition Reaction
      2.3 Displacement Reaction
      2.4 Double Displacement Reaction
      2.5 Precipitation Reaction
      2.6 Oxidation and Reduction
    • 3. Have you observed the effects of oxidation reactions in everyday life?
      3.1 Corrosion
      3.2 Rancidity
Is chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations of Standard 10th Science challenging?

Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations of grade 10th Science is not at all challenging. This chapter is overall an easy chapter, but few students face problems while balancing the chemical equation. However, the difficulty level of any topic depends on students also. Some students find chapter 1 easy, and some students find chapter 1 difficult.

Is there any book other than NCERT for chapter 1 of class 10th Science that students can refer to at the time of exams?

Yes, there is a book other than NCERT for chapter 1 of class 10th Science that students can refer to at the exam time. The name of this book is NCERT Exemplar or Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur. These books are one of the best books after NCERT textbook. The language of books is students friendly. Students can easily prepare chapter 1 of class 10th Science from these books.

How much time is needed to complete chapter 1 of 10th Science NCERT Book?

Students need a maximum of 8-10 days to complete chapter 1 of class 10th Science if they give 1-2 hours per day to this chapter. This time is an approximate time. This time can vary because no students can have the same speed, efficiency, ability, etc.

Which substances can be spoil due to corrosion according to chapter 1 of class 10th Science?

Corrosion causes damage to bodies of cars, bridges, railings made up of iron, ships, and to all objects made of metals, especially those of iron. Corrosion of iron is a serious problem. Every year a large amount of money is spent to replace damaged iron.

What do you mean by oxidation and reduction in chapter 1 of class 10th Science?

Oxidation: It is the gain of oxygen or loss of hydrogen.
Reduction: It is the loss of oxygen or the gain of hydrogen.

How many questions are there in chapter 1 of class 10th Science Book?

There are 28 questions in chapter 1 of class 10th Science. 8 questions are in between the chapter, and 20 questions are in the back exercise of the chapter. All questions are important. Students should do all questions of this chapter for the board exams.

10 Science Chapter 1 Intext questions on page 6
10 Science Chapter 1 Intext questions on page 10
10 Science Chapter 1 Intext questions on page 13
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Exercises question answers
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Exercises
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Exercises in english medium
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