NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 15 Exercise 15.2
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 15 Exercise 15.2 (Ex. 15.2) Visualising Solid Shapes in Hindi and English Medium for CBSE Session 2021-2022. All the questions are solved properly using step by step method and explaining each terms.In class 7 math exercise 15.2, we will learn to draw isometric sketch using isometric dot paper. Here, we also learn to draw several isometric sketch of the same solid object.
Class 7 Maths Chapter 15 Exercise 15.2 Solution
|Chapter: 15||Visualising Solid Shapes|
|Exercise: 15.2||English and Hindi Medium Solution|
CBSE NCERT Class 7 Maths Chapter 15 Exercise 15.2 Solution in Hindi and English Medium
Class 7 Maths Chapter 15 Exercise 15.2 Solution in Videos
A cuboid whose length, breadth and height are all equal is called a cube. Dice, ice cubes and sugar cubes, etc., are all examples of a cube. Like cuboid, a cube has 6 faces, 12 edges and 8 vertices.
Let ABCDEFGH is a cube
(i) 6 faces of the cube are: ABCD, EFGH, ADHE, BCGF, ABFE, DCGH. Lateral faces are: ABFE, DCGH, BCGF, ADHE.
(ii) 12 edges of the cube are: AB, BC, CD, DA, EF, GH, FG, EH, CG, BF, AE, DH etc.
(iii) 8 vertices of the cube are A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H. Length, breadth and height of a cube are equal.
How do you solve cube and dice problems?
Most dice are cube shaped, with the numbers 1 to 6 on the different faces.
1. Two opposite faces of the dice cannot be adjacent to each other.
2. If two dice are shown as below, and one of the two common faces (Face number 4) is in the same position, then the remaining faces will be opposite to each other.
Solids like circular pillars, circular pipes, circular pencils, measuring jars, road rollers and gas cylinders, etc., are said to be in cylindrical shapes.
Parts of a Cylinder
(i) A cylinder has no vertex.
(ii) A cylinder has two curved edges (C1 and C2).
(iii) A cylinder has one curved face and two flat faces (F1 and F2).
Why does a cylinder have 2 faces?
All of these figures are curved in some way, so they have no edges or vertices. What about their faces? A sphere has no faces, a cone has one circular face, and a cylinder has two circular faces. Therefore, the number of faces increases by one from one figure to the next.
Objects such as ice-cream cone, a conical tent, a conical vessel, a clown’s cap, etc., are in the shape of a cone.
Parts of a Cone
(i) A cone has one vertex.
(ii) A cone has one curved edge.
(iii) A cone has one curved face and one flat face.
How are cones different from cylinders?
A cone is a 3-dimensional solid object that has a circular base and a single vertex.
Cylinder: A cylinder is a 3-dimensional solid object that has two parallel circular base connected by a curved surface.
How many cones does a cylinder have?
The reason the volume of a cone involves using the fraction 1/3, is because it takes three cones to fill up a cylinder.
Can a cone and cylinder have the same volume?
In a similar way, the volumes of a cone and a cylinder that have identical bases and heights are proportional. If a cone and a cylinder have bases (shown in color) with equal areas, and both have identical heights, then the volume of the cone is one-third the volume of the cylinder.